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In Progress


  1. Fischer, G. (2018): “Faustian Bargains and Design Trade-Offs: Frames of Reference for Quality of Life in the Digital Age” (forthcoming); http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/design-tradeoffs-v1-2015.pdf
  2. Fischer, G. (2018): “Promises, Limitations and Synergies of Rich Learning Landscapes—Exploring Frames of Reference for MOOCs” (forthcoming); http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/reports/moocs-draft2013.pdf
  3. Fischer, G. (2018) “From Renaissance Scholars to Renaissance Communities: Learning and Education in the 21st Century,”  (forthcoming).  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/long-version.pdf


  1. Fischer, G. (2018): “Design Trade-Offs for an Inclusive Society: Frameworks, Examples, and Challenges”, Proceedings of the AVI’2018 Workshop: “CoPDA2018 – Cultures of Participation in the Digital Age: Design Trade-Offs for an Inclusive Society”, Castiglione della Pescaia, Grosseto Italy (May); http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2101/paper1.pdf
  2. Fischer, G. (2018): “Identifying and Exploring Design Trade-Offs in Human-Centered Design”, Proceedings of the Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2018), Castiglione della Pescaia, Grosseto Italy (May); published in ACM Digital Library Paper-Design-Trade-Offs-AVI-2018-submitted
  3. Fischer, G. (2018): “Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Rich Landscapes of Learning: A Learning Sciences Perspective”, in Frank Fischer, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver, Susan R. Goldman & Peter Reimann (eds): “International Handbook of the Learning Sciences”, Routledge/Taylor & Francis, pp. 368-379 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/DRAFT-Handbook-LS-submitted-for-review.pdf
  4. Fischer, G. (2018) “Design Trade-Offs for Quality of Life ” ACM Interactions XXV.1 (January + February 2018), pp. 26-33. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/p26-fischer-wcover.pdf
  5. Fischer, G., Fogli, D., and Piccinno, A. (2017): “Revisiting and Broadening the Meta-Design Framework for End-User Development”, in Paterno, F. and Wulf, V. (eds): “New Perspectives in End User Development”, Springer, pp 61-97,  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/EUD-BOOK-FischerFogliPiccinno-FINAL-2nd-Submission.pdf

  6. Fischer, G. (2017) “Exploring Richer Ecologies between Designers and Users” in S. Barbosa, & K. Breitman (Eds.), Conversations around Semiotic Engineering, Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 21-29.http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Fischer-Exploring-Richer-Ecologies-FORMATTED.pdf

  7. Cress, U. and Fischer, G. (2017): “Mass Collaboration with Social Software in TEL”, in Duval, E., Sharples, M., & Sutherland, R. (Eds.): Technology Enhanced Learning: Research Themes. Berlin: Springer, pp 59-67;  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/MassCollaboration-Final-July2016.pdf

  8. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2016): “The Envisionment and Discovery Collaboratory (EDC) — Explorations in Human-Centered Informatics with Tabletop Computing Environments”, Morgan & Claypool Publishers <<Book, 215 pages>>  http://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/abs/10.2200/S00670ED1V01Y201509HCI032
  9. Fischer, G. (2016): “Desirability, Frameworks, and Socio-Technical Environments for ‘Want-To’ Participation”, in Proceedings of NordiCHI Workshop: “CoPDA2016 – Cultures of Participation in the Digital Age: From ‘Have to’ to ‘Want to’ Participate”, Gothenburg, Sweden, October  http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1776/paper1.pdf
  10. Fischer, G. (2016) “MOOCs as Components of Rich Landscapes of Learning” in E. DeCorte, L. Engwall, & U. Teichler (Eds.), From Books to MOOCs? Emerging Models of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Portland Press, London, pp. 43-54.  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/TAcademia-Europea-MOOC.pdf
  11. Fischer, G. (2016): “Exploring, Understanding, and Designing Innovative Socio-Technical Environments for Fostering and Supporting Mass Collaboration“, in Ulrike Cress, Johannes Moskaliuk, and Heisawn Jeong (eds) “Mass Collaboration and Education“, Springer, pp 43-63 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/Tuebingen-Mass-Collab.pdf
  12. Fischer, G. (2015): “Information, Participation, and Collaboration Overload — A Design Trade-Off Analysis”, Proceedings of the EUD’2015 CoPDA Workshop, CEUR-WS http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/CoPDA-Workshop-2015.pdf
  13. Fischer, G. & Herrmann, T. (2015) “Meta-Design: Transforming and Enriching the Design and Use of Socio-Technical Systems” in Wulf, Volker, Schmidt, Kjeld, Randall, David (Eds.), Designing Socially Embedded Technologies, Springer, pp 79-109  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/EUSSET.pdf
  14. Fischer, G. and K. D. Wolf (2015): „What can Residential, Research-Based Universities learn about their core competencies from MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course)”, in H. Schelhowe, M. Schaumburg, and J. Jasper (eds): “Teaching is Touching the Future — Academic Teaching within and across Disciplines“, Universitätsverlag Webler, Bielefeld, pp. 65-75  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/Bremen-Wolf-MOOCS.pdf
  15. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (2014) “MOOCs: A Perspective from the Learning Sciences” in J. L. Polman et al. (Eds.), Learning and Becoming in Practice: 11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2014, Boulder, pp. 190-197. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/ICLS-MOOCS.pdf.
  16. Siemens, G., Dillenbourg, P., Fischer, G., McNamara, D., & Rummel, N. (2014) “Where Are the Learning Sciences in the MOOC Debate?,” Learning and Becoming in Practice: 11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2014 (University of Colorado Boulder), June 23-27, 2014, pp. 15-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/ICLS-panel.pdf
  17. Fischer, G. (2014) “Beyond Hype and Underestimation: Identifying Research Challenges for the Future of MOOCs,” Distance Education Journal (Commentary for aSpecial Issue “MOOCS: Emerging Research”), 35(2), pp. 149-158 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/distance-ed-journal.pdf
  18. Fischer, G. (2014) “Supporting Self-Directed Learning with Cultures of Participation in Collaborative Learning Environments” in E. Christiansen, L. Kuure, A. Mørch, & B. LindstrĂśm (Eds.), Problem-Based Learning for the 21st Century – New Practices and Learning
Environments, Aalborg University Press,, pp. 15-50. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/Scandinavia-PBL.pdf.  
  19. Fischer, G. (2014) “Learning, Social Creativity, and Cultures of Participation” in A. Sannino, & V. Ellis (Eds.), Learning and Collective Creativity: Activity-Theoretical and
Sociocultural Studies, Taylor & Francis/Routledge, New York, NY, pp. 198-215. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/helsinki.pdf.  
  20. Fischer, G. (2013) “Meta-Design: Empowering All Stakeholder as Co-Designers” in R. Luckin, P. Goodyear, B. Grabowski, S. Puntambeker, J. Underwood, & N. Winters (Eds.), Handbook
on Design in Educational Computing, Routledge, London, pp. 135-145. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-handbook.pdf.  
  21. Cress, U., Barron, B., Fischer, G., Forte, A., Resnick, M., & Collins, A. (2013) “Mass Collaboration – an Emerging Field for CSCL Research,” Proceedings of CSCL 2013 (Madison, WI), pp. 557-563. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/cscl-symposium.pdf  
  22. Fischer, G. (2013) “End-User Development: From Creating Technologies to Transforming Cultures” in End-User
Fourth International Symposium (Copenhagen, Denmark,
June), pp. 217-222. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/EUD.pdf.
  23. Fischer, G. (2013) “A Conceptual Framework for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at Work” in S. Goggins, I. Jahnke, & V. Wulf (Eds.), Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at the Workplace (CSCL@Work) Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 23-42. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/book-cscl-at-work.pdf.
  24. Fischer, G. (2013) “From Renaissance Scholars to Renaissance Communities: Learning and Education in the 21st Century” in W. Smari, & G. Fox (Eds.), International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, IEEE, San Diego, pp. 13-21. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/CTS.pdf.
  25. Dick, H., Eden, H., Fischer, G., & Zietz, J. (2012) “Empowering Users to Become Designers: Using Meta-Design Environments to Enable and Motivate Sustainable Energy Decisions,” Proceedings of the 12th Participatory Design Conference: Exploratory Papers, Workshop Descriptions, Industry Cases – Volume 2 (Roskilde, Denmark), ACM, 2348160, pp. 49-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-PDC.pdf
  26. Fischer, G. (2012) “Co-Evolution of Learning, New Media, and New Learning Organizations” in Proceedings of the Iadis International Conference “E-Learning 2012” (July), Lisbon, pp. xxvii-xxxiv. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-IADIS-final.pdf.
  27. Fischer, G. (2012) “Context-Aware Systems: The ‘Right’ Information, at the ‘Right’ Time, in the ‘Right’ Place, in the ‘Right’ Way, to the ‘Right’ Person” in G. Tortora, S. Levialdi, & M. Tucci (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2012), ACM, Capri, Italy (May), pp. 287-294. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-AVI-context-aware.pdf
  28. Fischer, G. (2011) “Social Creativity: Exploiting the Power of Cultures of Participation,” Proceedings of SKG2011: 7th International Conference on Semantics, Knowledge and Grids, (Beijing, China), October, pp. 1-8. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/SKG-China.pdf
  29. Fischer, G. & Shipman, F. (2011) “Collaborative Design Rationale and Social Creativity in Cultures of Participation,” Human Technology: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Humans in ICT Environments (Special Issue on Creativity and Rationale in Software Design), 7(2), pp. 164–187. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/journal-dr-cop.pdf
  30. Dick, H., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2011) “From Consumers to Owners: Using Meta-Design Environments to Motivate Changes in Energy Consumption” in M. Costabile, Y. Dittrich, G. Fischer, & A. Piccinno (Eds.), Proceedings of End-User Development – Third International Symposium, Is-Eud 2011, Volume 6654, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 319-324. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-EUD.pdf.
  31. Koehne, B., Redmiles, D., & Fischer, G. (2011) “Extending the Meta-Design Theory: Engaging Participants as Active Contributors in Virtual Worlds” in M. F. Costabile, Y. Dittrich, G. Fischer, & A. Piccinno (Eds.), End-User Development (Third International Symposium, Torre Canne, Italy, June), Volume LNCS 6654, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 264-269. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-EUD-MetaDesign-Virtual-Worlds.pdf.
  32. Fischer, G. (2011) “Beyond Interaction: Meta-Design and Cultures of Participation,” Proceedings of OzCHI 2011 (Canberra, Australia), November, pp. 112-121. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-OzCHI-FINAL.pdf
  33. Fischer, G. (2011) “Understanding, Fostering, and Supporting Cultures of Participation,” ACM Interactions XVIII.3 (May + June 2011), pp. 42-53. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/interactions-coverstory.pdf
  34. Fischer, G. & Herrmann, T. (2011) “Socio-Technical Systems: A Meta-Design Perspective,” International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development, 3(1), pp. 1-33. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/journal-socio-ts.pdf
  35. Eisenberg, M., Fischer, G., Derry, S., Repenning, A., & Collins, A. (2011) Design Research Exploring Transformative Frameworks for Learning and Education (Invited Presidential Address at the 2011 AERA Annual Meeting), http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/workshops/aera2011/
  36. Domik, G. & Fischer, G. (2011) “Transdisciplinary Collaboration and Lifelong Learning: Fostering and Supporting New Learning Opportunities” in C. S. Calude, G. Rozenberg, & A. Salomaa (Eds.), Rainbow of Computer Science, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Heidelberg. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/maurer-book.pdf.
  37. Chi, E., Munson, S., Fischer, G., Vieweg, S., & Parr, C. (2010) “Advancing the Design of Technology-Mediated Social Participation Systems,” IEEE Computer, November 2010, pp. 29-35. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/IEEE-Computer-published-version.pdf
  38. Fischer, G. (2010) “Extending Boundaries with Meta-Design and Cultures of Participation” in Proceedings of Nordichi 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, pp. 168-177. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/nordichi-paper.pdf.
  39. EngestrĂśm, Y., Sannino, A., Fischer, G., Morch, A., & Bertelsen, O. (2010) “Grand Challenges for Future HCI Research: Cultures of Participation, Interfaces Supporting Learning, and Expansive Learning (Panel),” Proceedings of NordiCHI’2010 (Reykjavik, Iceland ), October, pp. 863-866. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/nordichi-panel.pdf
  40. Carmien, S. & Fischer, G. (2010) “Beyond Human-Computer Interaction: Meta-Design in Support of Human Problem-Domain Interaction” in M. Banich, & D. Caccamise (Eds.), Generalization of Knowledge: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Psychology Press, New York, pp. 331-349. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/banich-caccamise-book.pdf.
  41. Domik, G. & Fischer, G. (2010) “Coping with Complex Real-World Problems: Strategies for Developing the Competency of Transdisciplinary Collaboration,” IFIP World Computer Congress (WCC2010) (Brisbane, Australia), September. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/brisbane-wcc2010.pdf
  42. Fischer, G. (2010) “End-User Development and Meta-Design: Foundations for Cultures of Participation,” Journal of Organizational and End User Computing 22(1), pp. 52-82. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010-JOEUC.pdf
  43. Dick, H., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2009) “Increasing and Sustaining Participation to Support and Foster Social Creativity” in N. Bryan-Kinns, M. D. Gross, H. Johnson, J. Ox, & R. Wakkary (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh ACM Conference on Creativity and Cognition, Berkeley, CA, ACM, New York, NY, pp. 363-364. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CandC-poster.pdf.
  44. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., & Ye, Y. (2009) “Meta-Design: Guidelines for Supporting Domain Experts in Software Development,” IEEE Software September/October, pp. 37-44 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-IEEE-Software.pdf
  45. Fischer, G. (2009) “Cultures of Participation and Social Computing: Rethinking and Reinventing Learning and Education” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), IEEE Press, Riga, Latvia, pp. 1-5.
  46. Gorman, A. & Fischer, G. (2009) “Toward an Analytic Framework for Understanding and Fostering Peer-Support Communities in Using and Evolving Software Products” in Proceedings of the International Conference Communities and Technologies (C&T’2009) Penn State University, June pp. 1-9. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CandT-paper.pdf.
  47. Fischer, G. (2009) “Democratizing Design: New Challenges and Opportunities for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning” in Proceedings (Vol 1) of CSCL 2009: 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece, pp. 282-286. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CSCL-paper.pdf.
  48. Collins, A., Fischer, G., Barron, B., Liu, C., & Spada, H. (2009) “Long-Tail Learning: A Unique Opportunity for CSCL?” in Proceedings (Vol 2) of CSCL 2009: 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece, pp. 22-24. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CSCL-symposium.pdf.
  49. Fischer, G., Jennings, P., Maher, M. L., Resnick, M., & Shneiderman, B. (2009) “Creativity Challenges and Opportunities in Social Computing (Panel)” in Proceedings of CHI’2009 (Boston), ACM, New York, NY, pp. 3283-3286 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CHI-panel.pdf.
  50. Fischer, G. (2009) “End-User Development and Meta-Design: Foundations for Cultures of Participation” in V. Pipek, M. B. Rossen, B. deRuyter, & V. Wulf (Eds.), End-User Development, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 3-14. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/EUD-siegen-2009.pdf.
  51. Fischer, G. (2008) “Rethinking Software Design in Participation Cultures,” Automated Software Engineering Journal, Special Issue on “Trends in Automated Software Engineering”, 14(3/4), pp. 365-367. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ASE-journal.pdf
  52. Fischer, G., Piccinno, A., & Ye, Y. (2008) “The Ecology of Participants in Co-Evolving Socio-Technical Environments” in P. Forbrig, Paternò, F. (Ed.), Engineering Interactive Systems (Proceedings of 2nd Conference on Human-Centered Software Engineering), Volume LNCS 5247, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 279-286. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/HCSE-2009.pdf.
  53. Fischer, G. & Redmiles, D. (2008) “Transdisciplinary Education and Collaboration,” Contribution to the Human Computer Interaction Consortium (HCIC) Workshop. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcic2008.pdf
  54. Carmien, S. P. & Fischer, G. (2008) “Design, Adoption, and Assessment of a Socio-Technical Environment Supporting Independence for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities” in Proceedings of CHI 2008, ACM, Florence, Italy, pp. 597 – 607. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/chi2008.pdf.
  55. Giaccardi, E. & Fischer, G. (2008) “Creativity and Evolution: A Metadesign Perspective,” Digital Creativity, 19(1), pp. 19-32. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/digital-creativity-2008.pdf
  56. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2007) “Designing for Participation in Socio-Technical Software Systems” in C. Stephanidis (Ed.), Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction (Beijing, China), Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 312-321. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcii-2007.pdf.
  57. Fischer, G. & Giaccardi, E. (2007) “Sustaining Social Creativity,” CACM, 50(2), pp. 28-29. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cacm-sc-2007.pdf
  58. Fischer, G. & Konomi, S. (2007) “Innovative Media in Support of Distributed Intelligence and Lifelong Learning,” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 23(4, Mobile Learning), pp. 338-350. wmte-journal-published-version
  59. Fischer, G. (2007) “Meta-Design: Expanding Boundaries and Redistributing Control in Design” in Proceedings of Interact’2007, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September, pp. 193-206. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Interact-2007.pdf.
  60. Fischer, G. (2007) “Designing Socio-Technical Environments in Support of Meta-Design and Social Creativity” in C. Chinn, G. Erkens, & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL ‘2007), International Society of the Learning Sciences, Rutgers University, July, pp. 1-10. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/CSCL-2007.pdf.
  61. Fischer, G., Rohde, M., & Wulf, V. (2007) “Community-Based Learning: The Core Competency of Residential, Research Based Universities,” International Journal for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2(1), pp. 9-40. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iJCSCL2007.pdf online version from Springer at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/x7m1270830277315/
  62. Derry, S. J. & Fischer, G. (2007) Transdisciplinary Graduate Education, http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/transdisciplinary-sharon.pdf
  63. Carmien, S., Kollar, I., Fischer, G., & Fischer, F. (2007) “The Interplay of Internal and External Scripts” in F. Fischer, I. Kollar, H. Mandl, & J. M. Haake (Eds.), Scripting Computer-Supported Learning – Cognitive, Computational, and Educational Perspectives, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 303-326. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/external-internal-scripts.pdf.
  64. Shneiderman, B., Fischer, G., Czerwinski, M., Resnick, M., & Myers, B. (2006) “Creativity Support Tools: Report from a U.S. National Science Foundation Sponsored Workshop,” International Journal Of Human–Computer Interaction, 20(2), pp. 61–77. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2006-ijhcs-journal-ws-crea.pdf
  65. Fischer, G. (2006) “Beyond Binary Choices: Understanding and Exploiting Trade–Offs to Enhance Creativity,” First Monday, 11(4 (April 2006), http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_4/fischer/index.html).
  66. Fischer, G. (2006) “Distributed Intelligence: Extending the Power of the Unaided, Individual Human Mind” in Proceedings of Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI) Conference, Venice, May 23-26, 2006, pp. 7-14. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/avi-2006.pdf.
  67. Fischer, G. & Giaccardi, E. (2006) “Meta-Design: A Framework for the Future of End User Development” in H. Lieberman, F. Paternò, & V. Wulf (Eds.), End User Development, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 427-457. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/EUD-meta-design-online.pdf.
  68. Fischer, G. & Sugimoto, M. (2006) “Supporting Self-Directed Learners and Learning Communities with Sociotechnical Environments,” International Journal Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning (RPTEL), 1(1), pp. 31-64. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/final-RPTE.pdf
  69. Fischer, G. (2005) “Beyond Binary Choices: Understanding and Exploiting Trade-Offs to Enhance Creativity” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, pp. 71-92. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/final-heron05-final.pdf
  70. Fischer, G. (2005) “Socio-Technical Environments Supporting People with Cognitive Disabilities (in Japanese; Translated by Takemi Yamazaki),” Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) Magazine, 46(11), pp. 1269-1278. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ipsj99.pdf
  71. Fischer, G. & Konomi, S. (2005) “Innovative Media in Support of Distributed Intelligence and Lifelong Learning” in Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, IEEE Computer Society, Tokushima, Japan, pp. 3-10. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/WMTE-2005.pdf.
  72. Fischer, G., Giaccardi, E., Eden, H., Sugimoto, M., & Ye, Y. (2005) “Beyond Binary Choices: Integrating Individual and Social Creativity,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (IJHCS) Special Issue on Computer Support for Creativity (E.A. Edmonds & L. Candy, Eds.), 63(4-5), pp. 482-512. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ind-social-creativity-05.pdf
  73. Carmien, S., Dawe, M., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., Kintsch, A., & Sullivan, J. F. (2005) “Socio-Technical Environments Supporting People with Cognitive Disabilities Using Public Transportation,” Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction (ToCHI), 12(2), pp. 233-262. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tochi-social-issues-final.pdf.
  74. Fischer, G. (2005) “From Reflective Practitioners to Reflective Communities” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005 (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/reflective-communities-hcii-2005.pdf.
  75. Fischer, G. (2005) “Social Creativity: Making All Voices Heard” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/social-creativity-hcii-2005.pdf.
  76. Carmien, S. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Tools for Living and Tools for Learning” in Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (Hcii), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on a CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tools-hcii-2005.pdf.
  77. Dawe, M., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., Kintsch, A., Konomi, S., Sullivan, J., Taylor, J., & Wellems, G. (2005) “Smart Care: The Importance and Challenges of Creating Life Histories for People with Cognitive Disabilities” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/smartcare-hcii-2005.pdf.
  78. Fischer, G. (2005) “Computational Literacy and Fluency: Being Independent of High-Tech Scribes” in J. Engel, R. Vogel, & S. Wessolowski (Eds.), Strukturieren – Modellieren – Kommunizieren. Leitbild Mathematischer Und Informatischer Aktivitäten, Hildesheim, pp. 217-230. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hightechscribes-05.pdf.
  79. Derry, S. J. & Fischer, G. (2005) Toward a Model and Theory for Transdisciplinary Graduate Education (Symposium Contribution at Aera’2005, Montreal), http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/aera-montreal.pdf
  80. Fischer, G. (2005) “Distances and Diversity: Sources for Social Creativity” in Proceedings of Creativity & Cognition, ACM, London, April, pp. 128-136. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/creativity-cognition-2005.pdf.
  81. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Reuse-Conducive Development Environments,” International Journal Automated Software Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 12(2), pp. 199-235. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/J-ASE-final.pdf
  82. Giaccardi, E. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Creativity and Evolution: A Metadesign Perspective” in Proceedings of the European Academy of Design (Ead-6) Conference, Bremen, Germany, March. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ead06.pdf.
  83. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2005) “Knowledge Communication in Design Communities” in R. Bromme, F. W. Hesse, & H. Spada (Eds.), Barriers and Biases in Computer-Mediated Knowledge Communication, Springer, New York, N.Y., pp. 213-242. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/fi_ost-final.pdf.
  84. dePaula, R. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Knowledge Management: Why Learning from the Past Is Not Enough!” in J. Davis, E. Subrahmanian, & A. Westerberg (Eds.), Knowledge Management: Organizational and Technological Dimensions, Physica Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 21-54. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/km-final-2005.pdf.
  85. Fischer, G., Arias, E., Carmien, S., Eden, H., Gorman, A., Konomi, S. i., & Sullivan, J. (2004) Supporting Collaboration and Distributed Cognition in Context-Aware Pervasive Computing Environments (Paper Presented at the 2004 Meeting of the Human Computer Interaction Consortium “Computing Off the Desktop”), http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcic2004.pdf
  86. Fischer, G., Giaccardi, E., Ye, Y., Sutcliffe, A. G., & Mehandjiev, N. (2004) “Meta-Design: A Manifesto for End-User Development,” Communications of the ACM, 47(9), pp. 33-37. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/CACM-meta-design.pdf.
  87. Fischer, G. (2004) “Social Creativity: Turning Barriers into Opportunities for Collaborative Design” in F. deCindio, & D. Schuler (Eds.), Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (Pdc’04), CPSR, P.O. Box 717, Palo Alto, CA 94302, University of Toronto, Canada, July, pp. 152-161. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pd04-final-submit.pdf.
  88. Fischer, G., Scharff, E., & Ye, Y. (2004) “Fostering Social Creativity by Increasing Social Capital” in M. Huysman, & V. Wulf (Eds.), Social Capital and Information Technology, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 355-399. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/social-capital-2002.pdf.
  89. Fischer, G. (2003) “Meta-Design: Beyond User-Centered and Participatory Design” in C. Stephanidis, & J. Jacko (Eds.), Proceedings of HCI International 2003, Volume Vol. 4, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, Crete, Greece, June 2003, pp. 88-92. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2003-meta-design.pdf.
  90. Fischer, G. (2003) “Distributed Cognition: A Conceptual Framework for Design-for-All” in C. Stephanidis (Ed.), Proceedings of HCI International 2003, Volume Vol. 4, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, Crete, Greece, June 2003, pp. 78-82. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2003-dis-cog.pdf.
  91. Fischer, G. (2003) “Desert Island: Software Engineering — a Human Activity,” International Journal Automated Software Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 10(2), pp. 233-237. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase2002.pdf
  92. Fischer, G. (2002) Beyond ‘Couch Potatoes’: From Consumers to Designers and Active Contributors, in Firstmonday (Peer-Reviewed Journal on the Internet), http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1010/931
  93. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2002) “Transcending the Information Given: Designing Learning Environments for Informed Participation,” Proceedings of ICCE 2002 International Conference on Computers in Education (Auckland, New Zealand. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icce2002.pdf
  94. Fischer, G., Ehn, P., EngestrĂśm, Y., & Virkkunen, J. (2002) “Symmetry of Ignorance and Informed Participation,” Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (PDC’02) (MalmĂś University, Sweden), CPSR, pp. 426-428. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-soi.pdf
  95. Fischer, G. & Sullivan, J. (2002) “Human-Centered Public Transportation Systems for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities — Challenges and Insights for Participatory Design” in T. Binder, J. Gregory, & I. Wagner (Eds.), Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (Pdc’02), CPSR, P.O. Box 717, Palo Alto, CA 94302, MalmĂś University, Sweden, June, pp. 194-198. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-mfa.pdf.
  96. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2002) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth, and Reseeding: Enriching Participatory Design with Informed Participation,” Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (PDC’02) (MalmĂś University, Sweden), CPSR, pp. 135-143. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-ser.pdf
  97. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2002) “Supporting Reuse by Delivering Task-Relevant and Personalized Information” in Proceedings of 2002 International Conference on Software Engineering (Icse’02), Orlando, FL, pp. 513-523. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1cse2002.pdf.
  98. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2002) “Information Delivery in Support of Learning Reusable Software Components on Demand,” Proceedings of 2002 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI’02) (San Francisco, CA), ACM Press, pp. 159-166. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iui2002.pdf
  99. Fischer, G. (2001) “Lifelong Learning and Its Support with New Media” in N. J. Smelser, & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 13, Elsevier, pp. 8836-40. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iesbs2001.pdf.
  100. Fischer, G. (2001) “The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design,” Proceedings of ISFST2001: International Symposium on Future Software Technology, November, 2001 (ZhengZhou, China), Software Engineers Association, Japan, pp. 1-8. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/isfst2001.pdf
  101. Fischer, G. (2001) “External and Shareable Artifacts as Opportunities for Social Creativity in Communities of Interest,” Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design (University of Sydney), Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, pp. 67-89. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ccmcd2001.pdf
  102. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2001) “Context-Aware Browsing of Large Component Repositories,” Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE’01) (Coronado Island, CA), IEEE Computer Society, pp. 99-106. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase01.pdf
  103. Fischer, G. (2001) “Articulating the Task at Hand and Making Information Relevant to It,” Human-Computer Interaction Journal, Special Issue on “Context-Aware Computing”, 16, pp. 243-256. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2001.pdf
  104. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (2001) “Transcending the Individual Human Mind—Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design” in J. M. Carroll (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction in the New Millennium, ACM Press, New York, pp. 347-372. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/arias-etal-hcibook-2000-final-forweb.pdf.
  105. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2001) “Personalizing Delivered Information in a Software Reuse Environment” in M. Bauer, P. Gmytrasiewicz, & J. Vassileva (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on User Modeling 2001, Sonthofen, Germany, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 178-187. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/um2001.pdf.
  106. Fischer, G. (2001) “Communities of Interest: Learning through the Interaction of Multiple Knowledge Systems,” 24th Annual Information Systems Research Seminar In Scandinavia (IRIS’24) (Ulvik, Norway), Department of Information Science, Bergen, Norway, pp. 1-14. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iris24.pdf
  107. Fischer, G., Grudin, J., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Redmiles, D., Reeves, B., & Shipman, F. (2001) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: The Incremental Development of Collaborative Design Environments” in G. M. Olson, T. W. Malone, & J. B. Smith (Eds.), Coordination Theory and Collaboration Technology, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 447-472. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/rosenberg-2001.pdf.
  108. Fischer, G. (2001) “User Modeling in Human-Computer Interaction,” User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction (UMUAI), 11(1), pp. 65-86. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/umuai2000.pdf
  109. dePaula, R., Fischer, G., & Ostwald, J. (2001) “Courses as Seeds: Expectations and Realities” in P. Dillenbourg, A. Eurelings, & K. Hakkarainen (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Maastricht, Netherlands, pp. 494-501. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ecscl2001.pdf.
  110. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2001) “Knowledge Management—Problems, Promises, Realities, and Challenges,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2001, pp. 60-72. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/km-ieee-2001.pdf
  111. Fischer, G. (2000) “Lifelong Learning – More Than Training,” Journal of Interactive Learning Research, Special Issue on Intelligent Systems/Tools In Training and Life-Long Learning (eds.: Riichiro Mizoguchi and Piet A.M. Kommers), 11(3/4), pp. 265-294. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/lll99.pdf
  112. Fischer, G., Ye, Y., & Reeves, B. (2000) “Integrating Active Information Delivery and Reuse Repository Systems,” ACM SIGSOFT 8th International Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (FSE-8) (San Diego, pp. 60-68. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/fse8-2000.pdf
  113. Arias, E. & Fischer, G. (2000) “Boundary Objects: Their Role in Articulating the Task at Hand and Making Information Relevant to It,” International ICSC Symposium on Interactive & Collaborative Computing  (ICC’2000), University of Wollongong, Australia, ICSC Academic Press, Wetaskiwin, Canada, pp. 567-574. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icsc2000.pdf
  114. Fischer, G. (2000) “Design, Learning, Collaboration and New Media—a Co-Evolutionary HCI Perspective” in N. O. C. Paris, S. Howard, and S. Lu (Ed.), Proceedings of Ozchi 2000, Sydney, Australia, pp. 282-289. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ozchi2000.pdf.
  115. Fischer, G. (2000) “Social Creativity, Symmetry of Ignorance and Meta-Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal (Special Issue on Creativity & Cognition), Elsevier Science B.V., Oxford, UK, 13(7-8), pp. 527-537. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/kbs2000.pdf
  116. Fischer, G. (2000) “Shared Understanding, Informed Participation, and Social Creativity – Objectives for the Next Generation of Collaborative Systems,” Proceedings of COOP’2000 (Sophia Antipolis, France), May. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/coop2000.pdf
  117. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2000) “Promoting Reuse with Active Reuse Repository Systems,” Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Software Reuse (Vienna, Austria), June 27-29, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 302-317. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icsr6-2000.pdf
  118. Fischer, G., Greenbaum, J., & Nake, F. (2000) “Return to the Garden of Eden? Learning, Working, and Living,” The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 9(4), pp. 505-513. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/jls2000.pdf
  119. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (2000) “Transcending the Individual Human Mind—Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design,” ACM Transactions on Computer Human-Interaction, 7(1), pp. 84-113. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tochi2000.pdf
  120. Fischer, G. & Scharff, E. (2000) “Meta-Design—Design for Designers,” 3rd International Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS 2000) (New York), ACM, pp. 396-405. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/dis2000.pdf
  121. Fischer, G. (1999) “Social Creativity, Symmetry of Ignorance and Meta-Design,” Proceedings of  Creativity & Cognition 1999 (New York), ACM Press, pp. 116-123. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cc99-paper.pdf
  122. Edmonds, E., Candy, L., Cox, G., Eisenstein, J., Fischer, G., Hughes, B., & Hewett, T. (1999) “Individual and/Versus Social Creativity,” Proceedings of the Conference “Creativity & Cognition 1999”, pp. 36-39. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cc99-panel.pdf
  123. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (1999) “Beyond Access: Informed Participation and Empowerment,” Proceedings of the Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL ’99) Conference (Stanford, pp. 20-32. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~l3d/systems/EDC/pdf/cscl99.pdf
  124. Fischer, G. (1999) “Lifelong Learning: Changing Mindsets” in G. Cumming, T. Okamoto, & L. Gomez (Eds.), 7th International Conference on Computers in Education on “New Human Abilities for the Networked Society” (ICCE ’99, Chiba, Japan), IOS Press, Omaha, pp. 21-30. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1999-ICCE-final-submitted.pdf.
  125. Fischer, G. (1999) “User Modeling: The Long and Winding Road” in J. Kay (Ed.), Proceedings of Um99: User Modelling Conference (Banff, Canada), Springer Verlag, Wien New York, pp. 349-355. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/um99.pdf.
  126. Fischer, G. (1999) “A Group Has No Head — Conceptual Frameworks and Systems for Supporting Social Interaction (in Japanese; Translated by Masanori Sugimoto),” Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) Magazine, 40(6), pp. 575-582. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ipsj99.pdf
  127. Fischer, G. (1999) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments — Supporting Individual and Social Creativity” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Computational Models of Creative Design Iv, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, Sydney, Australia, pp. 83-111. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cmcd-99.pdf.
  128. Fischer, G. (1998) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Constructing, Capturing and Evolving Knowledge in Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Automated Software Engineering, 5(4), pp. 447-464. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase-093097.pdf
  129. Fischer, G. (1998) “Transcending ‘Cultures’-Creating a Shared Understanding between Computer Science and Sport” in J. Mester, & J. Perl (Eds.), Informatik Im Sport, Bundesinstitut fĂźr Sportwissenschaft, pp. 43-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/informatikim-sport.pdf.
  130. Fischer, G. & Scharff, E. (1998) “Learning Technologies in Support of Self-Directed Learning,” Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 1998(4). http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/98/4
  131. Fischer, G. (1998) “Complex Systems: Why Do They Need to Evolve and How Can Evolution Be Supported” in I. Smith (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 92-112. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/aise98-final.pdf.
  132. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1998) “Embedding Critics in Design Environments” in M. T. Maybury, & W. Wahlster (Eds.), Readings in Intelligent User Interfaces, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, pp. 537-559. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/embedded-critics-98.pdf.
  133. Fischer, G. (1998) “Making Learning a Part of Life—Beyond the ‘Gift-Wrapping’ Approach of Technology” in P. Alheit, & E. Kammler (Eds.), Lifelong Learning and Its Impact on Social and Regional Development, Donat Verlag, Bremen, pp. 435-462. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/giftwrapping-98.pdf.
  134. Fischer, G. (1998) “Beyond ‘Couch Potatoes’: From Consumers to Designers,” Asian Pacific Computer Human Interaction Conference (APCHI’98) (Tokyo), IEEE Computer Society, pp. 2-9. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/apchi-98.pdf
  135. Fischer, G. (1997) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments: Knowledge-Based Systems for the Real World,” Failure & Lessons Learned in Information Technology Management (Special Issue on Successes and Pitfalls of Knowledge-Based Systems in Real-World Applications), 1(2), pp. 123-133. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ij-fail-97.pdf
  136. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1997) “Computational Environments Supporting Creativity in the Context of Lifelong Learning and Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal , Special Issue on Information Technology Support for Creativity, 10(1), pp. 21-28. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/kbsj-97.pdf
  137. El-Said, M. G., Fischer, G., Gamalel-din, S. A., & Zaki, M. (1997) “ADDI: A Tool for Automating the Design of Visual Interfaces” ( , Elsevier Science B.V., Oxford, Uk, Vol. 21, No 1, 1997, Pp. 79-87.,” Computer & Graphics, 21(1), pp. 79-87. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1997-ADDI-ComputGraphics.pdf
  138. Fischer, G. (1997) “Learning and Intelligent Systems (Ns97-132) Lifelong Learning” in, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, pp. 7-12. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1997-Lifelong-Learning-NSF-Symp-Learning-.pdf.
  139. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (1997) “Enhancing Communication, Facilitating Shared Understanding, and Creating Better Artifacts by Integrating Physical and Computational Media for Design” in Proceedings of Designing Interactive Systems (DIS 97), ACM, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 1-12. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/dis97.pdf.
  140. Fischer, G. (1997) “Evolution of Complex Systems by Supporting Collaborating Communities of Practice,” International Conference on Computers in Education (Kuching, Malaysi), Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), pp. 9-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/AACE-97.pdf
  141. Fischer, G. & Thomas, C. (1997) “Using Agents to Personalize the Web” in The 1997 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Orlando, Fl, ACM, New York, pp. 53-60. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iui-97.pdf.
  142. Fischer, G. (1996) “Evolutionary Design of Open, Complex Systems,” International Symposium on Science of Computing and Technology of Software December, Software Engineer’s Association, pp. 13-25. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Evolutionary-Design-SympSciCompTechSoft.pdf
  143. Sullivan, J. & Fischer, G. (1996) “Proactive Multimedia Systems to Support Learning While Working,” Second International Workshop on Multimedia Information Systems (West Point, NY, pp. 58-62. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Proactive-Multimedia-Wksp-MultiMedInfoSys.pdf
  144. Fischer, G., Lindstaedt, S., Ostwald, J., Schneider, K., & Smith, J. (1996) “Informing System Design through Organizational Learning” in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Learning Sciences, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), pp. 52-59. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icls-96.pdf.
  145. Fischer, G. (1996) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Constructing,Capturing and Evolving Knowledge in Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Proceedings of IFIP WG 8.1/13.2 Joint Working Conference, “Domain Knowledge for Interactive System Design”, IFIP Series (Geneva, Switzerland), May, Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 1-16. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ifip-96.pdf
  146. Fischer, G. (1996) Making Learning a Part of Life—Beyond the “Gift Wrapping Approach to Technology, http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~l3d/presentations/gf-wlf/
  147. Fischer, G. (1998) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Software Engineering (Berlin, Germany), March, ComputerSociety, pp. 517-520. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-DODE-mini-tutorial-18thInterntlConfSE.pdf
  148. Fischer, G. & Thomas, C. (1996) “Using Agents to Improve the Usability and Usefulness Ofthe World-Wide Web,” Proceedings of the 5th InternationalConference on User Modeling (UM-96) (Kailua-Kona, HI), User Modeling, Inc, pp. 1-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/UM-1996.pdf
  149. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1996) “Making Argumentation Serve Design” in T. Moran, & J. Carrol (Eds.), Design Rationale: Concepts, Techniques, and Use, Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 267-293. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Making-Argumentation-Serve-Design.pdf.
  150. Fischer, G. (1995) “Distributed Cognition, Learning Webs, and Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in J. L. Schnase, & E. L. Cunnius (Eds.), Proceedings of Cscl’95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Mahwah, NJ, pp. 125-129. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Distributed-Cognition-CSCL95.pdf.
  151. Fischer, G. (1995) “Rethinking and Reinventing Artificial Intelligence from the Perspective of Human-Centered Computational Artifacts” in J. Wainer, & A. Carvalho (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 12th Brazilian Symposium on Artificial Intelligence Sbia’95, Campinas, Brazil, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 1-11. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-RethinkingReinventing-SBIA.pdf.
  152. Fischer, G. & Reeves, B. (1995) “Beyond Intelligent Interfaces: Exploring, Analyzing, and Creating Success Models of Cooperative Problem Solving” in R. Baecker, J. Grudin, W. Buxton, & S. Greenberg (Eds.), Reading in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the Year 2000, Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 822-831. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-BeyondIntellInterfaces.pdf.
  153. Fischer, G. (1995) “Learning Opportunities Provided by Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in A. A. diSessa, C. Hoyles, & R. Noss (Eds.), Computers and Exploratory Learning, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 463-480.
  154. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., & Ostwald, J. (1995) “Supporting the Evolution of Design Artifacts with Representations of Context and Intent” in G. M. Olson, & S. Schuon (Eds.), Proceedings of Designing Interactive Systems (Dis’95) Symposium: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques, ACM, New York, pp. 7-15. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~ostwald/papers/dis95-intent-abstract.html.
  155. Fischer, G., Lindstaedt, S., Ostwald, J., Stolze, M., Sumner, T., & Zimmermann, B. (1995) “From Domain Modeling to Collaborative Domain Construction” in G. M. Olson, & S. Schuon (Eds.), Proceedings of Dis’95 Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques, ACM, New York, pp. 75 – 85. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-From-Domain-Model-DIS95.pdf.
  156. Guzdial, M., Kafai, Y., Carroll, J., Fischer, G., Schank, R., Soloway, E., & Shneiderman, B. (1995) “Learner-Centered System Design: HCI Perspective for the Future,” Proceedings of DIS’95—Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems (Ann Arbor, MI), pp. 143-147. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Learner-Centered-Sys-DIS95.pdf
  157. Edmonds, E., Fischer, G., Mountford, S. J., Nake, F., Rieken, D., & Spence, R. (1995) “Creativity: Interacting with Computers,” CHI’95 Conference Companion, pp. 185-186. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Creativity-Interact-CHI95.pdf
  158. Fischer, G. (1995) “New Perspectives on Working, Learning and Collaborating and Computational Artifacts in Their Support,” SoftwareErgonomie’95 (Stuttgart), German Chapter of the ACME, Teubner, pp. 21-41. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-New-Perspectives.pdf
  159. Fischer, G. (1995) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments as Models for the Design of Cooperative Systems,” Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Design of Cooperative Systems (Antibes-Juan-les-Pins, France), January, pp. 20-41. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-DODE-as-Models-Wkshp-DesignCoopSys.pdf
  160. Fischer, G., Redmiles, D., Williams, L., Puhr, G., Aoki, A., & Nakakoji, K. (1995) “Beyond Object-Oriented Development: Where Current Object-Oriented Approaches Fall Short,” Human-Computer Interaction, Special Issue on Object-Oriented Design, 10(1), pp. 79-119. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Beyond-Obj-Oriented-Devlp-HCISpecIssue.pdf
  161. Nakakoji, K. & Fischer, G. (1995) “Intertwining Knowledge Delivery and Elicitation: A Process Model for Human-Computer Collaboration in Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal, Special Issue on Human-Computer Collaboration, 8(2-3), pp. 94-104. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Intertwining-Knowledge-KBS.pdf
  162. Fischer, G. (1994) “Turning Breakdowns into Opportunities for Creativity,” Knowledge-Based Systems, Special Issue on Creativity and Cognition, 7(4), pp. 221-232. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Turning-Breakdowns-C&C.pdf
  163. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in K. Brunnstein, & E. Raugold (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th World Computer Congress’94, Volume 2, North Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 115-122. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-13th-World-Comp-Congrs.pdf.
  164. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments: Reply to Commentaries,” Automated Software Engineering, 1, pp. 223-229. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-Reply-to-Commentaries-Automated-SoftEng.pdf
  165. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Automated Software Engineering, 1(2), pp. 177-203. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-Automated-SoftEng.pdf
  166. Fischer, G. (1994) “Computational Environments in Support of Self-Directed Learning” in P. Brusilosky, S. Dikareva, J. Greer, & V. Petrushin (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1994 East-West Conference on Computer Technologies in Education, Part 1 (Ew-Ed’94) (Crimea, Ukraine), International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information, Moscow, Russia, pp. 10-15. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Computational-Environ-ProcE-W-InternatlConf.pdf.
  167. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1994) “Amplifying Designers’ Creativity with Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in T. Dartnall (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Creativity, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 343-364. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Amplifying-Designers-AICreativity.pdf.
  168. Fischer, G., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Reeves, B., & Shipman, F. (1994) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Supporting Incremental Development of Design Environments” in B. Adelson, S. Dumais, & J. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Chi’94), Volume 1, ACM, New York, pp. 292-298. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/191666/p292-fischer/p292-fischer.pdf.
  169. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (1994) “Programmable Design Environments: Integrating End-User Programming with Domain-Oriented Assistance” in B. Adelson, S. Dumais, & J. Olson (Eds.), Human Factors in Computing Systems, Chi’94 (Boston, Ma), ACM, New York, pp. 431-437. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Programmable-Des-Envirn-CHI94.pdf.
  170. Fischer, G. (1994) “Putting the Owners of Problems in Charge with Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in D. Gilmore, R. Winder, & F. Detienne (Eds.), User-Centered Requirements for Software Engineering Environments, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 297-306. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Putting-the-Owners-UserCtrRequir.pdf.
  171. Fischer, G. (1994) “In Defense of Demassification: Empowering Individuals,” Human-Computer Interaction, 9(1), pp. 66-70. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcij-demass.pdf
  172. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (1993) “Symposium: Learning on Demand” in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boulder, CO, pp. 180-186. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Symp-on-LOD-15thConfCogSciSoc.pdf.
  173. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1993) “Embedding Critics in Design Environments,” The Knowledge Engineering Review Journal, 8(4), pp. 285-307. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Embedding-Critcs-KnowEngReview.pdf
  174. Fischer, G. (1993) “Knowledge Delivery: Facilitating Human-Computer Collaboration in Integrated Design Environments,” AAAI-93 Fall Symposium on Human-ComputerCollaboration: Reconciling Theory, Synthesizing Practice (Raleigh, NC), pp. .63-68. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Knowledge-Delivery-AAAI93.pdf
  175. Fischer, G. (1993) “Beyond Human Computer Interaction: Designing Useful and Usable Computational Environments” in People and Computers Viii: Proceedings of the HCI ’93 Conference (Loughborough, England), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 17-31. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Beyond-HCI-Designing-HCI93.pdf.
  176. Fischer, G. (1993) “Beyond Human-Computer Interaction” in H. D. Boecker, W. Glatthaar, & T. Strothotte (Eds.), Mensch Computer Kommunikation, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 274-287.
  177. Fischer, G. (1993) “Shared Knowledge in Cooperative Problem-Solving Systems – Integrating Adaptive and Adaptable Components” in M. Schneider-Hufschmidt, T. Kuehme, & U. Malinowski (Eds.), Adaptive User Interfaces – Principles and Practice, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 49-68. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Shared-Knowledge-AdaptUserInterfc.pdf.
  178. Fischer, G. (1993) “Creativity Enhancing Design Environments” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Modeling Creativity and Knowledge-Based Creative Design, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 235-258. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Creativity-Enhancing-ModelCreativity.pdf.
  179. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1993) “Embedding Computer-Based Critics in the Contexts of Design” in S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Eds.), Proceedings of Interchi’93 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, New York, pp. 157-164. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Embedding-Computer-Based-INTERCHI93.pdf.
  180. Fischer, G. (1992) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Knowledge-Based Software Engineering (Kbse-92) Conference, Mclean, Va, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, pp. 204-213. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-DODE-KBSE92.pdf.
  181. Fischer, G., Grudin, J., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Reeves, B. N., & Shipman, F. (1992) “Supporting Indirect, Collaborative Design with Integrated Knowledge-Based Design Environments,” Human Computer Interaction, Special Issue on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 7(3), pp. 281-314. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Support-Indirect-Collab-CSCW92.pdf
  182. Fischer, G. (1992) “Shared Knowledge in Cooperative Problem-Solving Systems – Integrating Adaptive and Adaptable Systems”, Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on User Modeling (UM ’92), The German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, Dagstuhl, Germany, pp. 148-161.
  183. Fischer, G., Girgensohn, A., Nakakoji, K., & Redmiles, D. (1992) “Supporting Software Designers with Integrated, Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Special Issue on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning in Software Engineering, 18(6), pp. 511-522. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Supporting-Software-Designers-IEEE-TransSE.pdf
  184. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1992) “Beyond the Macho Approach of Artificial Intelligence: Empower Human Designers – Do Not Replace Them,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal, Special Issue on AI in Design, 5(1), pp. 15-30. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Beyond-Macho-Approach-KBS.pdf
  185. Fischer, G. & Reeves, B. N. (1992) “Beyond Intelligent Interfaces: Exploring, Analyzing and Creating Success Models of Cooperative Problem Solving,” Applied Intelligence, Special Issue Intelligent Interfaces, 1, pp. 311-332. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Beyond-Intelligent-Interfaces-ApplIntell-d1.pdf
  186. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1991) “Making Argumentation Serve Design,” Human-Computer Interaction, 6(3-4), pp. 393-419. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Making-Argumentation-Serve-Design-HCIJ.pdf
  187. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. (1991) “The Role of Critiquing in Cooperative Problem Solving,” ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9(3), pp. 123-151. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Role-of-Critiquing-ACMTransInfoSci.pdf
  188. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. I. (1991) “Critics: An Emerging Approach to Knowledge-Based Human Computer Interaction,” International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 35(5), pp. 695-721. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Critics-ijmms.pdf
  189. Fischer, G. & Mastaglio, T. (1991) “A Conceptual Framework for Knowledge-Based Critic Systems,” Decision Support Systems, 7(4), pp. 355-378. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-A-Conceptual-Framework-DecsSpptSys.pdf
  190. Fischer, G. (1991) “Supporting Learning on Demand with Design Environments” in L. Birnbaum (Ed.), International Conference on the Learning Sciences (Evanston, Il), Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, pp. 165-172. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Supporting-LOD-InternatlConfLearnSci.pdf.
  191. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Nieper-Lemke, H. (1991) “The Role of Visual Representations in Understanding Software” in D. Partridge (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Software Engineering, Ablex Publishing Corporation, Norwood, NJ, pp. 273-290. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Role-of-Visual-Rep-AI&SE.pdf.
  192. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1991) “Making Design Objects Relevant to the Task at Hand” in Proceedings of AAAI-91, Ninth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 67-73. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Making-Design-Object-AAAI91.pdf.
  193. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1991) “Empowering Designers with Integrated Design Environments” in J. Gero (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Design’91, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, Oxford, England, pp. 191-209. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Empowering-Designers-ConfAIDesign.pdf.
  194. Fischer, G., Henninger, S. R., & Redmiles, D. F. (1991) “Cognitive Tools for Locating and Comprehending Software Objects for Reuse” in Thirteenth International Conference on Software Engineering (Austin, Tx), IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, pp. 318-328. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Cognitive-Tools-ConfSE.pdf.
  195. Fischer, G. & Stevens, C. (1991) “Information Access in Complex, Poorly Structured Information Spaces” in S. P. Robertson, G. M. Olson, & J. S. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’91 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 63-70. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Information-Access-CHI91.pdf.
  196. Fischer, G., Henninger, S. R., & Redmiles, D. F. (1991) “Intertwining Query Construction and Relevance Evaluation” in S. P. Robertson, G. M. Olson, & J. S. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’91 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 55-62. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-IntertwiningQuery-CHI91.pdf.
  197. Fischer, G. (1991) “The Importance of Models in Making Complex Systems Comprehensible” in D. Ackerman, & M. Tauber (Eds.), Mental Models and Human Computer Communication: Proceedings of the 8th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Informatics and Psychology (Schaerding, Austria), Volume 2, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 3-36. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Importance-of-Models-InfoPsychWkshp.pdf.
  198. Lemke, A. C. & Fischer, G. (1990) “A Cooperative Problem Solving System for User Interface Design” in Proceedings of AAAI-90, Eighth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 479-484. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-A-Coop-Problem-Solving-Sys-AAAI90.pdf.
  199. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & McCall, R. (1990) “Towards a System Architecture Supporting Contextualized Learning” in Proceedings of AAAI-90, Eighth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 420-425. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Towards-a-System-Arch-AAAI90.pdf.
  200. McCall, R., Fischer, G., & Morch, A. (1990) “Supporting Reflection-in-Action in the Janus Design Environment” in M. McCullough, W. J. Mitchell, & P. Purcell (Eds.), The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 247-259. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-Supporting-Reflection-ElectDesignStudio.pdf.
  201. Fischer, G. (1990) “Communication Requirements for Cooperative Problem Solving Systems,” Information Systems, 15(1), pp. 21-36. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Communication-Requirements-InfoSys.pdf
  202. Fischer, G. (1990) “Cooperative Knowledge-Based Design Environments for the Design, Use, and Maintenance of Software” in Software Symposium’90 (Kyoto, Japan), pp. 2-22.
  203. Nakakoji, K. & Fischer, G. (1990) “CATALOG EXPLORER: Exploiting the Synergy of Integrated Design Environments” in Software Symposium’90 (Kyoto, Japan), pp. 264-271. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Catalog-Explorer-10th-SoftSym90.pdf.
  204. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. (1990) “Using Critics to Empower Users” in J. Carrasco, & J. Whiteside (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’90 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 337-347. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Using-Critics-CHI90.pdf.
  205. Fischer, G. & Girgensohn, A. (1990) “End-User Modifiability in Design Environments” in Human Factors in Computing Systems, (Chi’90) (Seattle, Wa), ACM, New York, pp. 183-191. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-End-User-Modifiability-CHI90.pdf.
  206. Fischer, G., Mastaglio, T., Reeves, B. N., & Rieman, J. (1990) “Minimalist Explanations in Knowledge-Based Systems” in J. F. Nunamaker, Jr (Ed.), Proceedings of the 23rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Vol Iii: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 309-317. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Minimalist-Explanations-HICSS-23.pdf.
  207. Fischer, G., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1989) “JANUS: Integrating Hypertext with a Knowledge-Based Design Environment” in Hypertext ’89 (Pittsburgh, Pa), ACM, New York, pp. 105-117. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-JANUS-HypertxtACM89.pdf.
  208. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. (1989) “Design Environments: From Human-Computer Communication to Human Problem-Domain Communication and Beyond,” Proceedings of the IJCAI-89 Workshop on “A New Generation of Intelligent Interfaces” (Detroit, MI), August, pp. 53-58.
  209. Fischer, G., Mastaglio, T., & Rieman, J. (1989) “User Modeling in Critics Based on a Study of Human Experts” in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Rocky Mountain Conference on Artificial Intelligence, RMSAI, Denver, CO, pp. 217-225. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-User-Modeling-in-Critics-4thRockyMtnAI.pdf.
  210. Fischer, G. & Nieper-Lemke, H. (1989) “HELGON: Extending the Retrieval by Reformulation Paradigm” in K. Bice, & C. Lewis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’89 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 357-362. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-HELGON-CHI89.pdf.
  211. Fischer, G., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1989) “Design Environments for Constructive and Argumentative Design” in K. Bice, & C. Lewis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’89 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 269-275. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-Design-Envirn-Constructive-CHI89.pdf.
  212. Fischer, G. (1989) “Human-Computer Interaction Software: Lessons Learned, Challenges Ahead,” IEEE Software, 6(1), pp. 44-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-HCI-Lessons-Learned-IEEESoft.pdf
  213. Fischer, G. & Mastaglio, T. (1989) “Computer-Based Critics” in Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Hawaii Conference on System Sciences, Vol. Iii: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 427-436. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-ComputerBased-Critics-HICSS-22.pdf.
  214. Fischer, G. (1988) “Cooperative Problem Solving Systems” in Proceedings of the 1st Simposium Internacional De Inteligencia Artificial (Monterrey, Mexico), pp. 127-132.
  215. Fischer, G., King, R., Nutt, G., Osterweil, L., & Rathke, C. (1988) “Software Maintenance Environments: A New Perspective,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications (OOPSLA’88) (San Diego, CA), September, p. 369. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Software-Maintenance-OOPSLA.pdf
  216. Fischer, G. & Rathke, C. (1988) “Knowledge-Based Spreadsheet Systems” in Proceedings of AAAI-88, Seventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (St. Paul, Mn), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, pp. 802-807. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-KB-Spreadsheet-AAAI-88.pdf.
  217. Fischer, G. & Morch, A. (1988) “CRACK: A Critiquing Approach to Cooperative Kitchen Design” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (Montreal, Canada), ACM, New York, pp. 176-185. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-CRACK-ITS-88.pdf.
  218. Fischer, G., Weyer, S. A., Jones, W. P., Kay, A. C., Kintsch, W., & Trigg, R. H. (1988) “A Critical Assessment of Hypertext Systems” in Human Factors in Computing Systems, Chi’88 Conference Proceedings (Washington, Dc), ACM, New York, pp. 223-227. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Critical-Assess-Hypertext-CHI88.pdf.
  219. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. C. (1988) “Construction Kits and Design Environments: Steps toward Human Problem-Domain Communication,” Human-Computer Interaction, 3(3), pp. 179-222. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Construction-Kits-HCI-J.pdf
  220. Fischer, G. (1988) “Enhancing Incremental Learning Processes with Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. Mandl, & A. Lesgold (Eds.), Learning Issues for Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 138-163. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Enhancing-Incremental-ITS.pdf.
  221. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. C. (1988) “Constrained Design Processes: Steps Towards Convivial Computing” in R. Guindon (Ed.), Cognitive Science and Its Application for Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 1-58. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Constrained-Design-CogSciAppHCI.pdf.
  222. Fischer, G. (1987) “A Critic for Lisp” in J. McDermott (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (Milan, Italy), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, pp. 177-184. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Critic-for-LISP-IJCAI87.pdf.
  223. Fischer, G. & Stevens, C. (1987) “Volunteering Information — Enhancing the Communication Capabilities of Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. Bullinger, & B. Shackel (Eds.), Proceedings of Interact’87, 2nd IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (Stuttgart, Frg), North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 965-971. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Critic-for-LISP-IJCAI87.pdf.
  224. Fischer, G. (1987) “Making Computers More Useful and More Usable” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (Honolulu, Hawaii), Elsevier Science Publishers, New York, pp. 97-104. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Making-Computers-Useful-2nd-InternalHCI.pdf.
  225. Fischer, G. (1987) “An Object-Oriented Construction and Tool Kit for Human-Computer Communication,” ACM Computer Graphics, 21(2), pp. 105-109. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-An-Object-Oriented-Construction-ACM-CompGraphics.pdf
  226. Betts, B., Burlingame, D., Fischer, G., Foley, J., Green, M., Kasik, D., Kerr, S. T., Olsen, D., & Thomas, J. (1987) “Goals and Objectives for User Interface Software,” ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, 21(2), pp. 73-78. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1987-goals-objectives-UI-software.pdf
  227. Fischer, G. (1987) “Cognitive View of Reuse and Redesign,” IEEE Software, Special Issue on Reusability, 4(4), pp. 60-72. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Cog-View-Reuse-IEEESoftware.pdf
  228. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Rathke, C. (1987) “From Design to Redesign” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Software Engineering, Monterey, CA, IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, pp. 369-376.
  229. Fischer, G. & Herczeg, M. (1986) “Wissensbasierte Systeme Und Mensch-Computer Kommunikation” in H.-J. Bullinger, & R. Guenzenhaeuser (Eds.), Software-Ergonomie, Expert Verlat, Sindelfingen, Germany, pp. 103-120.
  230. Fischer, G. (1986) “Intelligent Systems: Increasing the Usability and Utility of Computer Systems,” Proceedings of the Australian Computer Society Conference September, pp. 252-276.
  231. Fischer, G. (1986) “Menschengerechte Computersysteme – Mehr Als Ein Schlagwort?” in G. Fischer, & R. Gunzenhaeuser (Eds.), Methoden Und Werkzeuge Zur Gestaltung Benutzergerechter Computersysteme, Volume 1, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin – New York, pp. 17-44.
  232. Fischer, G. (1986) “Cognitive Science: Information Processing in Humans and Computers” in H. Winter (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Man-Machine Systems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 84-112.
  233. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Nieper, H. (1986) “The Enhancement of Understanding through Visual Representations” in M. Mantei, & P. Orbeton (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’86 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 44-50. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1986-Enhancement-of-Understanding-CHI86.pdf.
  234. Fischer, G. (1986) “From Interactive to Intelligent Systems” in J. K. Skwirzynski (Ed.), The Challenge of Advanced Computing Technology to System Design Methods, Proceedings of a Nato Advanced Study Institute (University of Durham), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 185-212. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1986-From-Interactive-NATOAdvStdProc.pdf.
  235. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Schwab, T. (1985) “Knowledge-Based Help Systems” in L. Borman, & B. Curtis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’85 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 161-167. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1985-KB-HelpSystems-CHI85.pdf.
  236. Fischer, G. (1984) “Kuenstliche Intelligenz – Zielsetzungen Fuer Die Zukunft,” Technische Rundschau Bern, 76(43), pp. 126-139.
  237. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Schwab, T. (1984) “Active Help Systems” in G. C. van der Veer, M. J. Tauber, T. R. G. Green, & P. Gorny (Eds.), Readings on Cognitive Ergonomics – Mind and Computers, Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference (Gmunden, Austria), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 116-131. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-Active-Help-Sys-2ndEuopConfCogErg.pdf.
  238. Fischer, G. (1984) “Formen Und Funktionen Von Modellen in Der Mensch-Computer Kommunikation” in H. Schauer, & M. J. Tauber (Eds.), Psychologie Der Computerbenutzung, Volume 22, R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Wien – Muenchen, pp. 328-343.
  239. Fischer, G. & Schneider, M. (1984) “Computer-Supported Program Documentation Systems,” Proceedings of INTERACT’84, IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (London), September, pp. 248-255.
  240. Fischer, G. (1984) “Human-Computer Communication and Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. J. Otway, & M. Peltu (Eds.), The Managerial Challenge of New Office Technology, Butterworths, London, pp. 54-79. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-HCC-&-KB-Sys-CommEuropComm.pdf.
  241. Fischer, G. & Schneider, M. (1984) “Knowledge-Based Communication Processes in Software Engineering” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Software Engineering (Orlando, Fl), IEEE Computer Society, Los Angeles, CA, pp. 358-368. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-KB-Comm-Process-in-SE-7th-ICSE.pdf.
  242. Burton, R. R., Brown, J. S., & Fischer, G. (1984) “Analysis of Skiing as a Success Model of Instruction: Manipulating the Learning Environment to Enhance Skill Acquisition” in B. Rogoff, & J. Lave (Eds.), Everyday Cognition: Its Development in Social Context, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA – London, pp. 139-150. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/skiing-paper-1984.pdf.
  243. Fischer, G. (1983) “Symbiotic, Knowledge-Based Computer Support Systems,” Automatica, 19(6), pp. 627-636. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-SymbioticKnwBased-IFAC.pdf
  244. Fischer, G. (1983) “Wie Intelligent Koennen Und Sollen Computersysteme Sein?,” Proceedings des GACM Tutorials Intelligenztechnologie Teubner Verlag, pp. 168-181.
  245. Fischer, G. (1983) “Intelligente Benutzerschnittstellen,” Proceedings des GACM Tutorials Intelligenztechnologie Teubner Verlag, pp. 116-133.
  246. Fischer, G. (1983) “Entwurfsrichtlinien Fuer Die Software-Ergonomie Aus Der Sicht Der Mensch-Maschine Kommunikation (MMK)” in H. Balzert (Ed.), Software-Ergonomie, Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 30-49.
  247. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1983, March) “Mensch-Computer Kommunikation: Dimension Der Naechsten Generation,” Computer Magazin, pp. 14-25.
  248. Fischer, G. (1983) “Navigationswerkzeuge in Wissensbasierten Systemen” in Office Management, Volume 31, pp. 49-52.
  249. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1983) “The Nature of Design Processes and How Computer Systems Can Support Them” in P. Degano, & E. Sandewall (Eds.), Integrated Interactive Computing Systems, Proceedings of the European Conference on Integrated Interactive Computer Systems (Ecics 82), North-Holland, pp. 73-88. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-NatureOfDesignProcesses-IntegInterCompSys.pdf.
  250. Fischer, G. (1982) “Koennen Computer Denken?,” Bild der Wissenschaft, 19(6), pp. 46-58.
  251. Fischer, G. (1982, September) “Informatics in Secondary Schools and the Design of a Computer Culture,” Informatica e documentazione, pp. 200-209.
  252. Fischer, G. (1982) “Symbiotic, Knowledge-Based Computer Support Systems” in Proceedings of the Conference on Analysis, Design and Evaluation of Man-Machine Systems, Pergamon Press, Baden-Baden, pp. 351-358.
  253. Fischer, G. (1982) “Kognitionswissenschaft — Ein Bindeglied Zwischen Informatikund Psychologie” in R. Tauber, & H. Schauer (Eds.), Informatik Und Psychologie, Oldenburg Verlag, Wien, pp. 169-197.
  254. Fischer, G. (1981) “Computer Als Konviviale Werkzeuge” in Proceedings Der Jahrestagung Der Gesellschaft Fuer Informatik (Muenchen), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 407-417.
  255. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1981) “Understanding Design,” Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Berkeley, CA), August, pp. 141-145. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-NatureOfDesignProcesses-IntegInterCompSys.pdf
  256. Fischer, G. (1981) “Computational Models of Skill Acquisition Processes” in R. Lewis, & D. Tagg (Eds.), Computers in Education, Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Computers and Education (Lausanne, Switzerland), pp. 477-481. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1981-ComputationalModelsOfSkill-3rdWrldConfCompuEduc.pdf.
  257. Fischer, G. (1981) “An Interactive Knowledge-Based Information Manipulation System” in Proceedings of Gwai-81, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 168-170.
  258. Bauer, J., Boecker, H.-D., & Fischer, G. (1981) “Entwurf Und Implementation Eines Systems Multipler Fenster” in Notizen Zum Interaktiven Programmieren, Gesellschaft fuer Informatik, Fachgruppe Interaktives Programmieren, Oldenburg, pp. 90-99.
  259. Boecker, H. & Fischer, G. (1981) “Integrated Knowledge-Based Information Manipulation Systems (Abstract)” in J. H. Siekmann (Ed.), Gwai-81, German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence (Bad Honneff, Frg), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 168-170.
  260. Fischer, G. & Kling, U. (1980) “Die Erforschung Kognitiver Phaenomene—Zum Stellenwert Der Arbeiten Von Herbert A. Simon FĂźr Die Informatik,” Angewandte Informatik, Heft 6, June 1980, pp. 215-223.
  261. Fischer, G. (1980) “Cognitive Dimensions of Information Manipulation Systems” in P. R. Wossidlo (Ed.), Textverarbeitung Und Informatik, Fachtagung Der Gi, Bayreuth, Mai 1980, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 17-31.
  262. Fischer, G. & Laubsch, J. (1980) “Lisp-Basierte Programmentwicklungssysteme Zur Unterstuetzung Des Problemloeseprozesses” in Notizen Zum Interaktiven Programmieren, pp. 100-112.
  263. Fischer, G. (1979) “Powerful Ideas in Computational Linguistics – Implications for Problem Solving and Education” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, UC San Diego, pp. 111-115.
  264. Laubsch, J., Fischer, G., & Boecker, H.-D. (1979) “Lisp Based Systems for Education,” BYTE, 4(8), pp. 18-24.
  265. Fischer, G. (1979) “Fehlerdiagnose – Grundbaustein Fuer Ein Verstehen Von Lehr- Und Lernprozessen” in Beitraege Zum Mathematikunterricht, Schroedel Verlag, pp. 120-123.
  266. Fischer, G. (1979) “Object-Oriented Programming and the Glass-Box Approach-Implicationsfor Problem Solving and Knowledge Representation,” Berichte zum Workshop “KuenstlicheIntelligenz” (Technischer Bericht, Universitaet Bonn), pp. 228-242.
  267. Fischer, G. & Laubsch, J. (1979) “Object-Oriented Programming,” Heft 2 der Notizen zum Interaktiven Programmieren, Fachausschuss 2 February, Gesellschaft fĂźr Informatik, pp. 121-140.
  268. Fischer, G. (1978) “Probleme Und Erfahrungen Bei Der Programmierausbildung Im Informatik-Unterricht” in W. Arlt (Ed.), Edv-Einsatz in Schule Und Ausbildung – Modelle Und Erfahrungen, R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Muenchen – Wien, pp. 70-74.
  269. Fischer, G., Brown, J. S., & Burton, R. (1978) “Aspects of a Theory of Simplification, Debugging and Coaching,” Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference of the Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence (Toronto), July, p. 139.145.
  270. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1976) “Modelle Und Heuristiken – Wissen Zur Einschraenkung Und Lenkung Von Suchprozessen” in J. H. Laubsch, & H. J. Schneider (Eds.), Dialoge in Natuerlicher Sprache Und Darstellung Von Wissen, Fachausschuss 6, Fachgruppe Kuenstliche Intelligenz, Gesellschaft fuer Informatik, pp. 51-72.
  271. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Kling, U. (1975) “Projekt Prokop: Eine Anwendung Von Artificial Intelligence (AI)” in Berichte Des Zweiten Treffens Der Gi-Fachgruppe Kuenstliche Intelligenz, G. Veenker, Dortmund, pp. 136-142.
  272. Fischer, G. (1975) “Interaktives Programmieren Mit Linguistischen Aufgabenstellungen,” Grammatik – Akten des 10. LinguistischenKolloquiums (Tuebingen), Niemeyer, pp. 327-336.
  273. Fischer, G. & Kling, U. (1974) “Logo – Eine Programmiersprache Fuer Schueler; Inhaltlicheund Methodische Aspekte Ihrer Anwendung,” Proceedings “Rechner-gestĂźtzter Unterricht”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 17, pp. 290-299.

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