Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Education

1971 Masters in Mathematics Dept. of Mathematics, University of Heidelberg, Germany
1977 Ph.D. in Computer Science Dept. of Computer Science, University of Hamburg, Germany
Ph.D. Thesis: “Das Loesen komplexer Problemaufgaben durch naive Benutzer
mit Hilfe des interaktiven Programmierens”, Research Group
CUU, Project PROKOP, Darmstadt
1982 Habilitation in Computer Science Dept. of Computer Science, University of Stuttgart, Germany
Habilitation Thesis: “Mensch-Maschine Kommunikation: Theorien und Systeme”,
MMK Memo, Department of Computer Science, University of Stuttgart.
(Remark: The “Habilitation” is a special German university
degree, which is required of full professors in the German university
system.)

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Honors and Awards

2015 Honorable Doctorate, University of Gothenburg, Sweden  
2015 Invited Fellow, Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg (HWK), Delmenhorst, Germany (April-June)  
2014 Invited Fellow, Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg (HWK), Delmenhorst, Germany (April-June)  
2013 Chair of Excellence, University Carlos III, Madrid, Spain (September – December)  
2012 Chair of Excellence, University Carlos III, Madrid, Spain (September – December)  
2012 Recipient of the RIGO Award, ACM Special Interest Group on the Design of Communication (SIGDOC)  
2010 Elected as Fellow of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM)  
2009-2010 Faculty Fellowship, Council on Research and Creative Work, CU-Boulder  
2007 Elected as Member of CHI Academy  
2007 Recipient of the Dean’s Fellowship, College of Engineering, CU-Boulder  
2000 Erskine Fellowship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand  
1995 Exemplary Research Award for Best Technology Transfer Grant, Colorado Advanced Software Institute, October  
1994-1995 SEL Stiftungsprofessur, Technical University, Darmstadt, Germany  
1994 Invited Fellow by the Japanese Government, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, October  
1993 Boulder Faculty Assembly’s Excellence Award, CU-Boulder  
1989-1990 Faculty Fellowship, Council on Research and Creative Work, CU-Boulder  
1982 “Habilitation”-Scholarship, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA  
1979 Prize of the “Friends of the University of Stuttgart” for an outstanding research paper  
1977-1978 Postdoctoral Fellowship, German Academic Exchange Service, MIT, Cambridge, MA  
1972-1973 Scholarship, German Academic Exchange Service, Univ. of California, Irvine, CA  
1971-1972 Scholarship, German Academic Exchange Service, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Keynote Speeches (since 1990)

2001
2000
  • OZCHI 2000: Conference on Human-Computer Interaction “Interfacing
    Reality in the New Millennium”, Sydney, Australa, 4-8 December
    2000
  • COOP’2000: Fourth International Conference on the Design
    of Cooperative Systems, Sophia Antipolis, France, May 23-26,
    2000
  • TEND’2000: International Conference on Technological Education
    and National Development, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
1999
  • UM99 (User Modeling) Conference (Editor: Judy Kay), “User
    Modeling: The Long and Winding Road”, Banff, Canada, June
  • ICCE 99, 7th International Conference on Computers in Education
    on “New Human Abilities for the Networked Society”,
    Lifelong Learning: Changing Mindsets”, Chiba, Japan, November
1998
  • International ‘bauhaus der kommunikation’ Workshop 1998, Paderborn,
    Germany, June
  • 3rd Asia Pacific Computer Human Interaction Conference, IEEE
    Computer Society, Japan, July
  • ACM Japan Annual Meeting, “Lifelong Learning—New
    Challenges and Opportunities for Computer Science”, Japan,
    July
  • International Workshop “Shared Understanding and its Construction”,
    University of Nara, Japan, July
  • International Symposium Artificial Intelligence in Structural
    Engineering, July
1997
  • International Conference “Informatik im Sport”, Cologne,
    Germany, June
  • International Conference on Computers in Education, University
    of Sarawak, Kuching, Malaysia, December
1996
  • IFIP WG 8.1/13.2, Joint Working Conference on Domain Knowledge
    for Interactive System Design, Geneva, Switzerland, May
  • European Symposium on Human and Machine Learning, October,
    Brussels, Belgium
  • 5th Urban Systemic Initiative, NSF, Washington DC, December
1995
  • International AI Symposium 95, Nagoya, Japan, November
  • Brasilian Symposium on Artificial Intelligence (SBIA), Campinas,
    Brasil, October
  • 22nd RömerberggesprĂ€che, Frankfurt, Germany, June
  • Software-Ergonomie’95, Darmstadt, Germany, February
1994
  • East-West International Conference (EW-ED’94), Computer
    Technologies in Education, Crimea, Ukraine, September
1993
  • Human-Computer Interaction Conference (HCI’93), Loughborough,
    England, September
  • Creativity & Cognition Symposium, Loughborough, England,
    April
1992
  • 7th Knowledge-Based Software Engineering (KBSE-92) Conference,
    Mclean, VA, September
1990
  • 10th Symposium on Human-Computer Communication, Koenigswinter,
    Germany, November
  • Software Symposium’90, Kyoto, Japan, June

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Research Interests

  • Human-Computer Communication
    Human problem-domain communication, useful and usable systems,
    dynamic media, convivial systems
  • Artificial Intelligence
    Knowledge-based systems, intelligent support systems (e.g. critics,
    advisors, coaches), AI and Education, personal intelligent information
    environments, user modeling, collaborative problem solving systems
  • Education and Computers
    Lifelong learning, self-directed learning, organizational learning,
    learning on demand, learning-on-the-job, just-in-time learning,
    motivation, multimedia
  • Design
    Integration of problem framing and problem solving, reflection-in-action,
    breakdowns, design memories, organizational memories
  • Cognitive Science
    Learning environments, mental models, design principles for
    comprehensible systems, human-centered design
  • Software Engineering
    Object-oriented architecture, programming environment, design,
    reuse, redesign, domain-oriented, design environments

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Professional Experience

1994-present Director, Center for LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D), CU-Boulder
1988-present Full Professor, Computer Science Department, CU-Boulder
Member of the Institute of Cognitive Science, CU-Boulder
1984-1988 Associate Professor (with tenure), Computer Science Department,
CU-Boulder
Member of the Institute of Cognitive Science, CU-Boulder
1982-1984 Associate Professor, Computer Science Department, University of
Stuttgart, Germany
1982 Research Associate, Psychology and Computer Science Department,
Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
1978-1982 Assistant Professor, Computer Science Department, University of
Stuttgart, Germany
1977-1978 Research Associate, Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge,
MA
1974-1977 Research Associate, Center for Educational Technology, Darmstadt,
Germany

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Professional Activities (current)

Member of Professional Organizations

  • ACM (Association for Computing Machinery)
  • AAAI (American Association for Artificial Intelligence)
  • Cognitive Science
  • GI (Gesellschaft fĂŒr Informatik)
  • CPSR (Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility)

Offices Held

  • Editorial Board, International Journal “Universal Access
    in the Information Society”, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg,
    Germany
  • Editorial Board, Book Series “Computer-Supported Collaborative
    Learning”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • Editorial Board, International Journal “Knowledge-Based
    Systems”, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, UK
  • Editorial Board, International Journal “User Modeling
    and User-Adapted Interaction”, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
    Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • Editorial Board, International Journal “Automated Software
    Engineering”, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • Editorial Board, International Journal of “Design Computing”
    (fully electronic multimedia journal), Key Centre of Design
    Computing, University of Sydney, Australia

Member of Advisory Boards

  • Advisory Board of the Alliance for Technology, Learning, and
    Society (ATLAS), University of Colorado, Boulder
  • Advisory Board of School of Art and Communication, University
    of Malmö, Sweden
  • Advisory Board for the International Conference Series “AI
    in Design”

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Program Committees (since 1990)

Chair

2002 CSCL’2002: Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Boulder, Co,
January
1991 AAAI-91: User Interface Research Area, Anaheim, CA, July
1990 AAAI-90: Spring Symposium on Knowledge-Based Human-Computer Communication,
Stanford, CA, March

Member

2003
  • Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International
    2003, 10th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, Crete,
    Greece, June 22-27, 200
2002
  • International Conference on Computers In Education (ICCE’2002), Auckland,
    New Zealand, 3-6 December
  • 4th International Conference on Creativity and Cognition (C&C’2002),
    Loughborough, England, 14-16 October
  • WMTE 2002, IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies
    in Education, VÀxjö, Sweden, August 2002
  • International Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS’2002),
    London, England, 26 -29 June
  • 5th International Conference on the Design of Cooperative Systems
    (COOP’2002), Saint RaphaĂ«l, France, 4- 6 June
2001
  • ESCL’2001:European Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
    Conference, March 2001 Maastricht, Netherlands
  • Fifth International Conference on Computational and Cognitive Models
    of Creative Design (HI’01), 9-13 December 2001, Heron Island, Queensland,
    Australia
  • IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT
    2001), 6-8 August 2001, Madison, USA
  • International Conference on User Modelling (UM01), July 13 to July
    17, 2001, Sonthofen, Bavaria. Germany
2000
  • ICC’ 2000: Interactive and Collaborative Computing, First International
    Congress on Intelligent Systems and Applications ISA’2000, University
    of Wollongong, Australia, December 12 – 15, 2000
  • COOP’2000: Fourth International Conference on the Design of
    Cooperative Systems, Sophia Antipolis, France, May 23-26, 2000
  • The 3rd International Conference on Designing Interactive Systems
    (DIS 2000), New York City, August 17-19, 2000
1999
  • ACM SIGCHI International Conference “Creativity & Cognition
    3: Intersections and Collaborations: Art, Music, Technology, and Science”,
    October 11-13, 1999, Loughborough University, Loughborough, England
  • The 7th International Conference on Computers in Education, November
    2-5, Chiba, Japan
  • User Modelling UM’99 (http://www.usask.ca/UM99), June 20-24,
    Banff, Canada
1998
  • IFIP 13.2 Working Conference “Designing Effective and Usable
    Multimedia Systems, September 9-11, Stuttgart, Germany
  • Fourth International Round-Table Conference On Computational Models
    of Creative Design, December 6-10, Heron Island, Queensland, Australia
  • International Conference “Artificial Intelligence in Structural
    Engineering — Information Technology for Design, Collaboration,
    Maintenance and Monitoring, July, Ascona, Switzerland
  • ICCE’98 — International Conference On Computers In Education,
    October, Bejing, China
  • COOP’98 — Third International Conference on the Design of Cooperative
    Systems, May 26-29, Cannes, France
  • Fifth International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Design
    (AID’98), July 20-23, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon, Portugal
  • Fourth International Round-Table Conference “Computational Models
    of Creative Design”, December 6-10, Heron Island, Great Barrier
    Reef, Australia
1997
  • DIS’97 — Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices,
    Methods, And Techniques, ACM SIGCHI in co-operation with IFIP WG 13.2,
    Amsterdam, The Netherlands, August
  • UM’97 — 7th International Conference on User Modeling,
    Sardinia, Italy, June
  • ICCE’97 — International Conference On Computers In Education,
    Kuching, Malaysia, November
1996
  • ICLS’96 — Second International Conference on the Learning Sciences:
    “Learning for the Real World”, Northwestern University,
    Evanston, IL, July
  • ITS 96 — Third International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring
    Systems, Montreal, Canada June
  • COOP’96 — 2nd International Conference on the Design of
    Cooperative Systems, Antibes-Juan-les-Pins, France, June
  • IFIP WG 8.1/13.2 Joint Working Conference, Domain Knowledge for Interactive
    System Design, Geneva, Switzerland, May
  • Creativity and Cognition 2: “Intersections between Art, Technology
    and Science”, Loughborough, England, April
  • UM96 — 5th International Conference on User Modeling, Hawaii,
    January
1995
  • Third International Conference on Computational Models of Creative
    Design, Heron Island, Queensland, Australia, December
  • SBIA-95 — Brasilian Symposium on Artificial Intelligence, Campinas,
    Brasil, October
  • CSCL’95 — Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, Indiana
    University, October
  • DIS’95 — Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems: “Processes,
    Practices, Methods & Techniques”, Ann Arbor, MI, August
  • International Workshop on the Design of Cooperative Systems, Antibes-Juan-les-Pins,
    France, January

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Invited Talks (last five years)

2002
  • “Social Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong Learning Communities”,
    University of Munique, Germany, June 20
  • “Distributed Cognition – Why Anatomy does not have to be Destiny”,
    University of TĂŒbingen, Germany, June 19
  • “Beyond Gift-Wrapping and Technology Enthusiasm – The Co-Evolution
    of Learning, New Media and New Learning Organizations”, University
    of Freiburg, Germany, June 17
  • “Shared Knowledge in Communities of Interest”, International
    Workshop Barriers and biases in computer-mediated knowledge communication
    – and how they may be overcome”, University of MĂŒnster, Germany,
    June13
  • “Social Creativity, Meta-Design, Open Systems and Social Capital”,
    Workshop “The Role of IT in Social Capital”, University of
    Amsterdam, May 27
  • “Making Learning a Part of Life – Beyond the ‘Gift Wrapping’
    Approach of Technology”, Symposium ĂŒber Kooperatives Lernen
    und Spielen, Fraunhofer InstitutAngwandte Informationstechnik, Bonn,
    Germany, May 24
  • “Transcending the Individual Human Mind: Social Creativity and
    Meta-Design”, University of Oregon , Eugene, Oregon, May 3
  • “Social Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong Learning Communities”,
    Seminar on People, Computers, and Design, Stanford University, April
    19
  • “Social Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong Learning Communities”,
    University of Utah, March 14
  • Distinguished Lecture Series, Information Sciences and Technology
    School, Penn State “Social Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong
    Learning Communities”, Friday, February 22
2001
  • University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, “Lifelong Learning:
    New Mindsets and New Media, Nov 27
  • Texas A&M University, Department of Computer Science: “Social
    Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong Learning Communities”, October
    22
2000
  • IBM Research, Yorktown, “Shared Understanding, Informed Participation,
    and Social Creativity — Objectives for the Next Generation of
    Collaborative Systems”, August 16
  • European Workshop, Luebeck, Germany: “Structures of Learning-Shaping
    the Transition:The Learning paradigms of the 21st Century”, July
    3
  • Dagstuhl Seminar Knowledge Management: An Interdisciplinary Approach,
    “Knowledge Management (KM) — Promises, Hypes, Realities
    and Challenges”, July 12
  • Discovery Learning Conference, University of Colorado, Boulder: “New
    Mindsets and New Cultures: Discovery Learning, Lifelong Learning,
    Learning Communities, and the University of the Future”, May
    13
  • Microsoft Research, Redmond, WA: User Modeling in Support of High-Functionality
    Applications, Software Reuse, and Learning on Demand”, February
    28
  • University of California, San Diego: “New Media for Learning
    and Collaboration”, February 16
1999
  • City University, London: “Transcending the Individual Human
    Mind – Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design”,
    October 14
  • GMD, Bonn: “Transcending the Individual Human Mind – Creating
    Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design”, October 5
  • School of Art and Communication, Malmö University: “Transcending
    the Individual Human Mind – Creating Shared Understanding through
    Collaborative Design”, October 4
  • Bund-LĂ€nder Kommision Meeting , Bonn: “Beyond ‘Gift Wrapping’:
    Grundlegende Innovationen fĂŒr die (globale) Hochschule der Zukunft”,
    October 1
  • Stanford University: “Transcending the Individual Human Mind
    – Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design”,
    April 23
  • Tagung “Kunst und Informatik”, Evangelische Akademie, Tutzingen:
    “Soziale KreativitĂ€t, Symmetrie der Unwissenheit und Meta-Design”,
    March 5
  • Center for New Media, University of Erfurt, Germany: “Learning
    with New Media”, January 22
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Dortmund, Germany:
    “Making Learning a Part of Life — Beyond the ‘Gift
    Wrapping Approach‘ of Technology”, January 21
1998
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Canterbury, Christchurch,
    New Zealand, “Beyond ‘Couch Potatoes’: From Consumers
    to Designers”, December 10
  • Department of Computer Science, University of Nebraska, “Creating
    Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design with the Envisionment
    and Discovery Collaboratory”, Lincoln, October 30
  • University of Bergen, Norway, “Creating Shared Understanding
    through Collaborative Design”, June 12
  • University of LĂŒbeck, Germany, “Making Learning a Part
    of Life — Beyond the ‘Gift Wrapping Approach‘ of Technology”,
    June 11

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications

Research Grants and Contracts

Remark: Unless otherwise noted, I served as PI or as Co-PI with
the other persons listed on these grants.

  • 2010-2013: “CDI-Type I: Transformative Models of Learning and Discovery in Cultures of Participation”, $ 660,000, NSF-CISE-IIS
  • 2010-2011: “SoCS: Energy Sustainability and Smart Grids: Fostering and Supporting Cultures of Participation in the Energy Landscape of the Future”, $ 249,525, NSF-CISE-IIS
  • 2009-2010: SoD-Team: A Meta-Design Framework for Participative Software Systems, REU Grant, $ 16,000, NSF-CISE-IIS
  • 2008-2009: “SGER: Increasing Participation and Sustaining a Research Community in Creativity and IT” ,$100,000, NSF-CISE-IIS
  • 2007-2008: “Giving All Stakeholders a Voice”, $150K, SAP Labs, Palo Alto
  • 2007-2008: “Motivating and Empowering Users to Become Active Contributors”, $60K, Google Research Award
  • 2007-2008: “SGER: A New Generation Wiki for Supporting a Research Community in Creativity and IT”, $199,974, NSF-CISE-IIS
  • 2006-2009: “A Meta-Design Framework for Participative Software Systems”, $745,448; Sponsor: National Science Foundation, CISE, Science of Design Program
    http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~SoD/
  • 2005-2006: “CLever: Building Cognitive Levers to help people help themselves”, $ 160,000; Sponsor: Coleman Institute
    http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/clever/index.html
  • 2005: “Creativity Support Tools” (with Ben Shneiderman; grant awarded to the University of Maryland), $45,000, Sponsor: NSF CISE — Support for a Workshop, Washington, DC
  • 2004-2005: “SGER: Designing and developing mobile computing infrastructures and architectures to support people with cognitive disabilities and caregivers in authentic everyday tasks”, $ 107,000; Sponsor: NSF CISE
  • 2004-2005: “Smart Care — Socio-Technical Environments for People with Cognitive Disabilities”, $ 30,000K, Sponsor: Imagine!, Boulder, CO
    2000 – 2005: “CLever: Building Cognitive Levers to help people help themselves”, $ 2,400,000; Sponsor: Coleman Family Foundation
  • 2002: “Enhancing Collaborative Learning Among Researchers, Practitioners,
    and Students at CSCL 2002” (with Hal Eden, and Gerry Stahl),
    $49,860, Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Directorate of Education
    and Human Resources (support for the CSCL conference in January, Boulder)
  • 2001-2004: “Social Creativity and Meta-Design in Lifelong Learning
    Communities” (with Ernesto Arias, Hal Eden, and Michael Eisenberg),
    $ 1,450,000; Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Directorate of
    Education and Human Resources
  • 2000 – 2003: “CLever: Building Cognitive Levers to help
    people help themselves”, $ 1,600,000 Mio; Sponsor: Coleman Family
    Foundation
  • 2000: “Informed Participation — A Foundation for Creating
    Shared Understanding in Collaborative Design and Decision Making”,
    $ 60,000; Sponsor: ONR
  • 1997-2001: “Allowing Learners to be Articulate: Incorporating
    Automated Text Evaluation into Collaborative Software Environments”
    (with W. Kintsch and T.K. Landauer), $678,239; Sponsor: James S. McDonnell
    Foundation
  • 1997-2000: “Explorations in the Design of Future Computational
    Systems for Every-Day Life”, $450,00, Sponsor: PFU, Ltd., Tokyo,
    Japan
  • 1997-2000: “Conceptual Frameworks and Computational Support
    for Organizational Memories and Organizational Learning” (with
    J. Ostwald and G. Stahl), $725,000; Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1996-1999: “Lifelong Learning – Bringing Learning Activities
    to Life” (with M. Eisenberg, H. Eden, and A. Repenning), $1,935,996;
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1996-1997: “Shared Interaction in Support of Design, Learning
    and Planning” (with E. Arias and H. Eden), $61,300; Sponsor:
    National Science Foundation
  • 1996-1997: “Making Learning a Part of Life: Theories, Technologies,
    Practices, and Assessment in Support of Lifelong Learning”, Collaborative
    Research on Learning Technology (CRLT) Center Planning Grant (with
    12 Co-PIs), $50,000; Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1995-1996: “Learning by Design: Environments to Support Reinventing
    and Reengineering Education as a Lifelong Process” (with H. Eden,
    M. Eisenberg and A. Repenning), $398,482; Sponsor: National Science
    Foundation
  • 1994-1996: “Next Generation Authoring Tools & Instructional
    Applications”, $414,235; Sponsor: Technology Reinvestment Program
    (TRP)
  • 1994-1997: “Designing Useful and Usable Computational Environments”
    (with M. Eisenberg); $900,000; Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects
    Agency (ARPA)
  • 1994-1997: “Human-Centered, Intelligent Agents Supporting Communication
    and Collaboration in Domain-Oriented Design Environments”; $210,000;
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1994-1995: “Learning on Demand – Using Networks for the Integration
    of School and Workplace Learning” (with H. Eden and M. Eisenberg),
    $436,141; Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1992-1995: “Mastering High-Functionality Systems by Supporting
    Learning on Demand” (with M. Eisenberg); $1,068,097; Sponsor:
    National Science Foundation
  • 1992-1994: “Beyond Object Oriented Programming: A Knowledge-Based
    Architecture for Contextualized Software Design”; $64,700; Sponsor:
    Colorado Advanced Software Institute, Denver, CO
  • 1992-1993: “Effective Use of Parallel and Distributed Computing”;
    $49,193; Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1990-1993: “Supporting Collaborative Design with Integrated
    Knowledge-Based Design Environments” (with A. Lemke and R. McCall);
    $700,000; Sponsor: National Science Foundation
  • 1990-1993: CU-USWest Partnership Program (with C. Lewis, R. King,
    A. Lemke, G. Nutt, N. Pennington and P. Polson), $746,969; Sponsor:
    USWest Advanced Technologies, Boulder, CO
  • 1990-1995: “Effective Use of Parallel and Distributed Computing”
    (contributing investigator), $1,999,687; Sponsor: National Science
    Foundation, CISE Institutional Infrastructure Grant
  • 1988-1991: “Design Principles for Comprehensible Systems”
    (with W. Kintsch, C. Lewis, and P. Polson); $1,171,246; Sponsor: National
    Science Foundation (group grant)
  • 1986-1991: “Theories, Methods and Tools for the Design of User-Centered
    Computer Systems” (with W. Kintsch); $986,867; Sponsor: Army
    Research Institute (ARI)
  • 1987-1989: “Software Development Environment Research”
    (with R. King, G. Nutt, and L. Osterweil); $440,700; Sponsor: USWest
    Advanced Technologies, Englewood, CO
  • 1986-1988: “The Application of Knowledge Engineering Techniques
    to Automatic Compiler Construction” (with V. Heuring and W. Waite);
    $337,204; Sponsor: Army Research Office
  • 1985-1989: “A Facility for Research in Distributed Numerical
    Computation, Software Environments and Artificial Intelligence”
    (contributing investigator); $4,900,000; Sponsor: National Science
    Foundation and CU-Boulder
  • 1987-1992: “Optoelectronic Computing Systems” (COCS) (contributing
    investigator); $14,500,000; Sponsor: National Science Foundation and
    CU-Boulder
  • 1986: “Artificial Intelligence Research to support Human-Computer
    Communication, Intelligent Tutoring Systems and Software Engineering”;
    $2,500,000; Equipment Grant from Hewlett Packard, (with C. Lewis)
  • 1985-1986: “Enhancing Incremental Learning Processes with Knowledge-based
    Systems”; $243,000; Sponsor: Office of Naval Research
  • 1985: NSF Equipment Grant (with V. Heuring, W. Waite, M. Lightner,
    C. Lewis, and L. Osterweil); $150,000; Sponsor: NSF Engineering Program
  • 1984-1988: “WISDOM: Knowledge-Based Systems for Office Communication,
    Document Processing and Human-Computer Communication” (with Triumph-Adler
    and GMD); $11,500,000; Sponsor: German Federal Ministry of Research
    and Technology
  • 1983-1984: “Knowledge acquisition”; $100,000; Sponsor:
    Triumph-Adler, Nuernberg, Germany
  • 1983-1985: “Knowledge-based systems and human-computer communication”
    (with R. Gunzenhaeuser); $1,300,000; Sponsor: German Federal Ministry
    of Research and Technology
  • 1981-1982: “Integrated, interactive, personal information manipulation
    systems” (with R. Gunzenhaeuser); $600,000; Sponsor: German Federal
    Ministry of Research and Technology
  • 1980-1981: “Evaluation study of natural language question/answering
    systems” (with J. Laubsch); $150,000; Sponsor: German Federal
    Ministry of Research and Technology
  • 1975-1977: “Problem Solving with Interactive Computer System:
    Project LOGO” (contributing investigator); $675,000; Sponsor:
    German Federal Ministry of Science and Education

Financial Support from Companies

  • 1993-present: PFU, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan for the Center for
    LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D)
  • 1993-1998: NYNEX Science and Technology for the Center for
    LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D)
  • 1997-1998: DaimlerBenz Forschung und Technik, Ulm, Germany
    for the Center for LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D)
  • 1993-1994: Siemens Corporation, Munich, Germany for the Human-Computer
    Communications Group
  • 1993-1994: USWest Foundation for the Research Program “Learning
    on Demand”
  • 1992-1994: Equipment grants from Apple Computer, Inc., Cupertino,
    CA for the Human-Computer Communication Group and the Center
    for LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D)
  • 1989-1998: NYNEX Science and Technology for the NYNEX/CU
    Graduate Fellowship
  • 1989-present: Software Research Associates (SRA), Tokyo,
    Japan and Boulder, CO for the Human-Computer Communication
    Group and the Center for LifeLong Learning & Design (L3D)

Education Awards Keynote Speeches Research Interests Experience Activities Committees Talks Grants Publications


Publications

Goto Books

Papers

In Progress

 

  1. Fischer, G. (2017): “Faustian Bargains and Design Trade-Offs: Frames of Reference for Quality of Life in the Digital Age” (forthcoming); http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/design-tradeoffs-v1-2015.pdf
  2. Fischer, G. (2017): “Promises, Limitations and Synergies of Rich Learning Landscapes—Exploring Frames of Reference for MOOCs” (forthcoming); http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/reports/moocs-draft2013.pdf
  3. Fischer, G. (2017) “From Renaissance Scholars to Renaissance Communities: Learning and Education in the 21st Century,”  (forthcoming).  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/long-version.pdf
  4. Fischer, G. (2017): “Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Rich Landscapes of Learning: A Learning Sciences Perspective”, in Frank Fischer, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver, Susan R. Goldman & Peter Reimann (eds): “International Handbook of the Learning Sciences”, Routledge/Taylor & Francis (forthcoming) http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/DRAFT-Handbook-LS-submitted-for-review.pdf

Published

  1. Fischer, G., Fogli, D., and Piccinno, A. (2017): “Revisiting and Broadening the Meta-Design Framework for End-User Development”, in Paterno, F. and Wulf, V. (eds): “New Perspectives in End User Development”, Springer, pp 61-97,  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/EUD-BOOK-FischerFogliPiccinno-FINAL-2nd-Submission.pdf

  2. Fischer, G. (2017) “Exploring Richer Ecologies between Designers and Users” in S. Barbosa, & K. Breitman (Eds.), Conversations around Semiotic Engineering, Springer International Publishing AG, pp. 21-29.Fischer – Exploring Richer Ecologies-FORMATTED

  3. Cress, U. and Fischer, G. (2017): “Mass Collaboration with Social Software in TEL”, in Duval, E., Sharples, M., & Sutherland, R. (Eds.): Technology Enhanced Learning: Research Themes. Berlin: Springer, pp 59-67;  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/MassCollaboration-Final-July2016.pdf

  4. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2016): “The Envisionment and Discovery Collaboratory (EDC) — Explorations in Human-Centered Informatics with Tabletop Computing Environments”, Morgan & Claypool Publishers <<Book, 215 pages>>  http://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/abs/10.2200/S00670ED1V01Y201509HCI032
  5. Fischer, G. (2016): “Desirability, Frameworks, and Socio-Technical Environments for ‘Want-To’ Participation”, in Proceedings of NordiCHI Workshop: “CoPDA2016 – Cultures of Participation in the Digital Age: From ‘Have to’ to ‘Want to’ Participate”, Gothenburg, Sweden, October  http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1776/paper1.pdf
  6. Fischer, G. (2016) “MOOCs as Components of Rich Landscapes of Learning” in E. DeCorte, L. Engwall, & U. Teichler (Eds.), From Books to MOOCs? Emerging Models of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Portland Press, London, pp. 43-54.  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/TAcademia-Europea-MOOC.pdf
  7. Fischer, G. (2016): “Exploring, Understanding, and Designing Innovative Socio-Technical Environments for Fostering and Supporting Mass Collaboration“, in Ulrike Cress, Johannes Moskaliuk, and Heisawn Jeong (eds) “Mass Collaboration and Education“, Springer, pp 43-63 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/Tuebingen-Mass-Collab.pdf
  8. Fischer, G. (2015): “Information, Participation, and Collaboration Overload — A Design Trade-Off Analysis”, Proceedings of the EUD’2015 CoPDA Workshop, CEUR-WS http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/CoPDA-Workshop-2015.pdf
  9. Fischer, G. & Herrmann, T. (2015) “Meta-Design: Transforming and Enriching the Design and Use of Socio-Technical Systems” in Wulf, Volker, Schmidt, Kjeld, Randall, David (Eds.), Designing Socially Embedded Technologies, Springer, pp 79-109  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/EUSSET.pdf
  10. Fischer, G. and K. D. Wolf (2015): „What can Residential, Research-Based Universities learn about their core competencies from MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course)”, in H. Schelhowe, M. Schaumburg, and J. Jasper (eds): “Teaching is Touching the Future — Academic Teaching within and across Disciplines“, UniversitĂ€tsverlag Webler, Bielefeld, pp. 65-75  http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2015/Bremen-Wolf-MOOCS.pdf
  11. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (2014) “MOOCs: A Perspective from the Learning Sciences” in J. L. Polman et al. (Eds.), Learning and Becoming in Practice: 11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2014, Boulder, pp. 190-197. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/ICLS-MOOCS.pdf.
  12. Siemens, G., Dillenbourg, P., Fischer, G., McNamara, D., & Rummel, N. (2014) “Where Are the Learning Sciences in the MOOC Debate?,” Learning and Becoming in Practice: 11th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS) 2014 (University of Colorado Boulder), June 23-27, 2014, pp. 15-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/ICLS-panel.pdf
  13. Fischer, G. (2014) “Beyond Hype and Underestimation: Identifying Research Challenges for the Future of MOOCs,” Distance Education Journal (Commentary for aSpecial Issue “MOOCS: Emerging Research”), 35(2), pp. 149-158 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/distance-ed-journal.pdf
  14. Fischer, G. (2014) “Supporting Self-Directed Learning with Cultures of Participation in Collaborative Learning Environments” in E. Christiansen, L. Kuure, A. MĂžrch, & B. Lindström (Eds.), Problem-Based Learning for the 21st Century – New Practices and Learning‹Environments, Aalborg University Press,, pp. 15-50. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2014/Scandinavia-PBL.pdf.  
  15. Fischer, G. (2014) “Learning, Social Creativity, and Cultures of Participation” in A. Sannino, & V. Ellis (Eds.), Learning and Collective Creativity: Activity-Theoretical and‹Sociocultural Studies, Taylor & Francis/Routledge, New York, NY, pp. 198-215. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/helsinki.pdf.  
  16. Fischer, G. (2013) “Meta-Design: Empowering All Stakeholder as Co-Designers” in R. Luckin, P. Goodyear, B. Grabowski, S. Puntambeker, J. Underwood, & N. Winters (Eds.), Handbook‹on Design in Educational Computing, Routledge, London, pp. 135-145. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-handbook.pdf.  
  17. Cress, U., Barron, B., Fischer, G., Forte, A., Resnick, M., & Collins, A. (2013) “Mass Collaboration – an Emerging Field for CSCL Research,” Proceedings of CSCL 2013 (Madison, WI), pp. 557-563. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/cscl-symposium.pdf  
  18. Fischer, G. (2013) “End-User Development: From Creating Technologies to Transforming Cultures” in End-User‹Development:‹Fourth International Symposium (Copenhagen, Denmark,‹June), pp. 217-222. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/EUD.pdf.
  19. Fischer, G. (2013) “A Conceptual Framework for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at Work” in S. Goggins, I. Jahnke, & V. Wulf (Eds.), Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at the Workplace (CSCL@Work) Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 23-42. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/book-cscl-at-work.pdf.
  20. Fischer, G. (2013) “From Renaissance Scholars to Renaissance Communities: Learning and Education in the 21st Century” in W. Smari, & G. Fox (Eds.), International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems, IEEE, San Diego, pp. 13-21. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2013/CTS.pdf.
  21. Dick, H., Eden, H., Fischer, G., & Zietz, J. (2012) “Empowering Users to Become Designers: Using Meta-Design Environments to Enable and Motivate Sustainable Energy Decisions,” Proceedings of the 12th Participatory Design Conference: Exploratory Papers, Workshop Descriptions, Industry Cases – Volume 2 (Roskilde, Denmark), ACM, 2348160, pp. 49-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-PDC.pdf
  22. Fischer, G. (2012) “Co-Evolution of Learning, New Media, and New Learning Organizations” in Proceedings of the Iadis International Conference “E-Learning 2012” (July), Lisbon, pp. xxvii-xxxiv. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-IADIS-final.pdf.
  23. Fischer, G. (2012) “Context-Aware Systems: The ‘Right’ Information, at the ‘Right’ Time, in the ‘Right’ Place, in the ‘Right’ Way, to the ‘Right’ Person” in G. Tortora, S. Levialdi, & M. Tucci (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI 2012), ACM, Capri, Italy (May), pp. 287-294. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2012/paper-AVI-context-aware.pdf
  24. Fischer, G. (2011) “Social Creativity: Exploiting the Power of Cultures of Participation,” Proceedings of SKG2011: 7th International Conference on Semantics, Knowledge and Grids, (Beijing, China), October, pp. 1-8. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/SKG-China.pdf
  25. Fischer, G. & Shipman, F. (2011) “Collaborative Design Rationale and Social Creativity in Cultures of Participation,” Human Technology: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Humans in ICT Environments (Special Issue on Creativity and Rationale in Software Design), 7(2), pp. 164–187. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/journal-dr-cop.pdf
  26. Dick, H., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2011) “From Consumers to Owners: Using Meta-Design Environments to Motivate Changes in Energy Consumption” in M. Costabile, Y. Dittrich, G. Fischer, & A. Piccinno (Eds.), Proceedings of End-User Development – Third International Symposium, Is-Eud 2011, Volume 6654, Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, pp. 319-324. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-EUD.pdf.
  27. Koehne, B., Redmiles, D., & Fischer, G. (2011) “Extending the Meta-Design Theory: Engaging Participants as Active Contributors in Virtual Worlds” in M. F. Costabile, Y. Dittrich, G. Fischer, & A. Piccinno (Eds.), End-User Development (Third International Symposium, Torre Canne, Italy, June), Volume LNCS 6654, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 264-269. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-EUD-MetaDesign-Virtual-Worlds.pdf.
  28. Fischer, G. (2011) “Beyond Interaction: Meta-Design and Cultures of Participation,” Proceedings of OzCHI 2011 (Canberra, Australia), November, pp. 112-121. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/paper-OzCHI-FINAL.pdf
  29. Fischer, G. (2011) “Understanding, Fostering, and Supporting Cultures of Participation,” ACM Interactions XVIII.3 (May + June 2011), pp. 42-53. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/interactions-coverstory.pdf
  30. Fischer, G. & Herrmann, T. (2011) “Socio-Technical Systems: A Meta-Design Perspective,” International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development, 3(1), pp. 1-33. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/journal-socio-ts.pdf
  31. Eisenberg, M., Fischer, G., Derry, S., Repenning, A., & Collins, A. (2011) Design Research Exploring Transformative Frameworks for Learning and Education (Invited Presidential Address at the 2011 AERA Annual Meeting), http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/workshops/aera2011/
  32. Domik, G. & Fischer, G. (2011) “Transdisciplinary Collaboration and Lifelong Learning: Fostering and Supporting New Learning Opportunities” in C. S. Calude, G. Rozenberg, & A. Salomaa (Eds.), Rainbow of Computer Science, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Heidelberg. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/maurer-book.pdf.
  33. Chi, E., Munson, S., Fischer, G., Vieweg, S., & Parr, C. (2010) “Advancing the Design of Technology-Mediated Social Participation Systems,” IEEE Computer, November 2010, pp. 29-35. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2011/IEEE-Computer-published-version.pdf
  34. Fischer, G. (2010) “Extending Boundaries with Meta-Design and Cultures of Participation” in Proceedings of Nordichi 2010, Reykjavik, Iceland, pp. 168-177. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/nordichi-paper.pdf.
  35. Engeström, Y., Sannino, A., Fischer, G., Morch, A., & Bertelsen, O. (2010) “Grand Challenges for Future HCI Research: Cultures of Participation, Interfaces Supporting Learning, and Expansive Learning (Panel),” Proceedings of NordiCHI’2010 (Reykjavik, Iceland ), October, pp. 863-866. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/nordichi-panel.pdf
  36. Carmien, S. & Fischer, G. (2010) “Beyond Human-Computer Interaction: Meta-Design in Support of Human Problem-Domain Interaction” in M. Banich, & D. Caccamise (Eds.), Generalization of Knowledge: Multidisciplinary Perspectives, Psychology Press, New York, pp. 331-349. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/banich-caccamise-book.pdf.
  37. Domik, G. & Fischer, G. (2010) “Coping with Complex Real-World Problems: Strategies for Developing the Competency of Transdisciplinary Collaboration,” IFIP World Computer Congress (WCC2010) (Brisbane, Australia), September. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010/brisbane-wcc2010.pdf
  38. Fischer, G. (2010) “End-User Development and Meta-Design: Foundations for Cultures of Participation,” Journal of Organizational and End User Computing 22(1), pp. 52-82. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2010-JOEUC.pdf
  39. Dick, H., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (2009) “Increasing and Sustaining Participation to Support and Foster Social Creativity” in N. Bryan-Kinns, M. D. Gross, H. Johnson, J. Ox, & R. Wakkary (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh ACM Conference on Creativity and Cognition, Berkeley, CA, ACM, New York, NY, pp. 363-364. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CandC-poster.pdf.
  40. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., & Ye, Y. (2009) “Meta-Design: Guidelines for Supporting Domain Experts in Software Development,” IEEE Software September/October, pp. 37-44 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-IEEE-Software.pdf
  41. Fischer, G. (2009) “Cultures of Participation and Social Computing: Rethinking and Reinventing Learning and Education” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies (ICALT), IEEE Press, Riga, Latvia, pp. 1-5.
  42. Gorman, A. & Fischer, G. (2009) “Toward an Analytic Framework for Understanding and Fostering Peer-Support Communities in Using and Evolving Software Products” in Proceedings of the International Conference Communities and Technologies (C&T’2009) Penn State University, June pp. 1-9. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CandT-paper.pdf.
  43. Fischer, G. (2009) “Democratizing Design: New Challenges and Opportunities for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning” in Proceedings (Vol 1) of CSCL 2009: 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece, pp. 282-286. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CSCL-paper.pdf.
  44. Collins, A., Fischer, G., Barron, B., Liu, C., & Spada, H. (2009) “Long-Tail Learning: A Unique Opportunity for CSCL?” in Proceedings (Vol 2) of CSCL 2009: 8th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece, pp. 22-24. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CSCL-symposium.pdf.
  45. Fischer, G., Jennings, P., Maher, M. L., Resnick, M., & Shneiderman, B. (2009) “Creativity Challenges and Opportunities in Social Computing (Panel)” in Proceedings of CHI’2009 (Boston), ACM, New York, NY, pp. 3283-3286 http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2009-CHI-panel.pdf.
  46. Fischer, G. (2009) “End-User Development and Meta-Design: Foundations for Cultures of Participation” in V. Pipek, M. B. Rossen, B. deRuyter, & V. Wulf (Eds.), End-User Development, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 3-14. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/EUD-siegen-2009.pdf.
  47. Fischer, G. (2008) “Rethinking Software Design in Participation Cultures,” Automated Software Engineering Journal, Special Issue on “Trends in Automated Software Engineering”, 14(3/4), pp. 365-367. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ASE-journal.pdf
  48. Fischer, G., Piccinno, A., & Ye, Y. (2008) “The Ecology of Participants in Co-Evolving Socio-Technical Environments” in P. Forbrig, PaternĂČ, F. (Ed.), Engineering Interactive Systems (Proceedings of 2nd Conference on Human-Centered Software Engineering), Volume LNCS 5247, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 279-286. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/HCSE-2009.pdf.
  49. Fischer, G. & Redmiles, D. (2008) “Transdisciplinary Education and Collaboration,” Contribution to the Human Computer Interaction Consortium (HCIC) Workshop. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcic2008.pdf
  50. Carmien, S. P. & Fischer, G. (2008) “Design, Adoption, and Assessment of a Socio-Technical Environment Supporting Independence for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities” in Proceedings of CHI 2008, ACM, Florence, Italy, pp. 597 – 607. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/chi2008.pdf.
  51. Giaccardi, E. & Fischer, G. (2008) “Creativity and Evolution: A Metadesign Perspective,” Digital Creativity, 19(1), pp. 19-32. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/digital-creativity-2008.pdf
  52. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2007) “Designing for Participation in Socio-Technical Software Systems” in C. Stephanidis (Ed.), Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction (Beijing, China), Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 312-321. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcii-2007.pdf.
  53. Fischer, G. & Giaccardi, E. (2007) “Sustaining Social Creativity,” CACM, 50(2), pp. 28-29. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cacm-sc-2007.pdf
  54. Fischer, G. & Konomi, S. (2007) “Innovative Media in Support of Distributed Intelligence and Lifelong Learning,” Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 23(4, Mobile Learning), pp. 338-350. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/final-JCAL-2007.pdf
  55. Fischer, G. (2007) “Meta-Design: Expanding Boundaries and Redistributing Control in Design” in Proceedings of Interact’2007, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, September, pp. 193-206. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Interact-2007.pdf.
  56. Fischer, G. (2007) “Designing Socio-Technical Environments in Support of Meta-Design and Social Creativity” in C. Chinn, G. Erkens, & S. Puntambekar (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL ‘2007), International Society of the Learning Sciences, Rutgers University, July, pp. 1-10. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/CSCL-2007.pdf.
  57. Fischer, G., Rohde, M., & Wulf, V. (2007) “Community-Based Learning: The Core Competency of Residential, Research Based Universities,” International Journal for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, 2(1), pp. 9-40. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iJCSCL2007.pdf online version from Springer at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/x7m1270830277315/
  58. Derry, S. J. & Fischer, G. (2007) Transdisciplinary Graduate Education, http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/transdisciplinary-sharon.pdf
  59. Carmien, S., Kollar, I., Fischer, G., & Fischer, F. (2007) “The Interplay of Internal and External Scripts” in F. Fischer, I. Kollar, H. Mandl, & J. M. Haake (Eds.), Scripting Computer-Supported Learning – Cognitive, Computational, and Educational Perspectives, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 303-326. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/external-internal-scripts.pdf.
  60. Shneiderman, B., Fischer, G., Czerwinski, M., Resnick, M., & Myers, B. (2006) “Creativity Support Tools: Report from a U.S. National Science Foundation Sponsored Workshop,” International Journal Of Human–Computer Interaction, 20(2), pp. 61–77. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/2006-ijhcs-journal-ws-crea.pdf
  61. Fischer, G. (2006) “Beyond Binary Choices: Understanding and Exploiting Trade–Offs to Enhance Creativity,” First Monday, 11(4 (April 2006), http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_4/fischer/index.html).
  62. Fischer, G. (2006) “Distributed Intelligence: Extending the Power of the Unaided, Individual Human Mind” in Proceedings of Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI) Conference, Venice, May 23-26, 2006, pp. 7-14. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/avi-2006.pdf.
  63. Fischer, G. & Giaccardi, E. (2006) “Meta-Design: A Framework for the Future of End User Development” in H. Lieberman, F. PaternĂČ, & V. Wulf (Eds.), End User Development, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 427-457. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/EUD-meta-design-online.pdf.
  64. Fischer, G. & Sugimoto, M. (2006) “Supporting Self-Directed Learners and Learning Communities with Sociotechnical Environments,” International Journal Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning (RPTEL), 1(1), pp. 31-64. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/final-RPTE.pdf
  65. Fischer, G. (2005) “Beyond Binary Choices: Understanding and Exploiting Trade-Offs to Enhance Creativity” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, pp. 71-92. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/final-heron05-final.pdf
  66. Fischer, G. (2005) “Socio-Technical Environments Supporting People with Cognitive Disabilities (in Japanese; Translated by Takemi Yamazaki),” Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) Magazine, 46(11), pp. 1269-1278. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ipsj99.pdf
  67. Fischer, G. & Konomi, S. (2005) “Innovative Media in Support of Distributed Intelligence and Lifelong Learning” in Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Workshop on Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, IEEE Computer Society, Tokushima, Japan, pp. 3-10. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/WMTE-2005.pdf.
  68. Fischer, G., Giaccardi, E., Eden, H., Sugimoto, M., & Ye, Y. (2005) “Beyond Binary Choices: Integrating Individual and Social Creativity,” International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (IJHCS) Special Issue on Computer Support for Creativity (E.A. Edmonds & L. Candy, Eds.), 63(4-5), pp. 482-512. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ind-social-creativity-05.pdf
  69. Carmien, S., Dawe, M., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., Kintsch, A., & Sullivan, J. F. (2005) “Socio-Technical Environments Supporting People with Cognitive Disabilities Using Public Transportation,” Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction (ToCHI), 12(2), pp. 233-262. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tochi-social-issues-final.pdf.
  70. Fischer, G. (2005) “From Reflective Practitioners to Reflective Communities” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005 (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/reflective-communities-hcii-2005.pdf.
  71. Fischer, G. (2005) “Social Creativity: Making All Voices Heard” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/social-creativity-hcii-2005.pdf.
  72. Carmien, S. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Tools for Living and Tools for Learning” in Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (Hcii), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on a CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tools-hcii-2005.pdf.
  73. Dawe, M., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., Kintsch, A., Konomi, S., Sullivan, J., Taylor, J., & Wellems, G. (2005) “Smart Care: The Importance and Challenges of Creating Life Histories for People with Cognitive Disabilities” in, Proceedings of the HCI International Conference (HCII), Las Vegas, July 2005, p. (published on CD). http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/smartcare-hcii-2005.pdf.
  74. Fischer, G. (2005) “Computational Literacy and Fluency: Being Independent of High-Tech Scribes” in J. Engel, R. Vogel, & S. Wessolowski (Eds.), Strukturieren – Modellieren – Kommunizieren. Leitbild Mathematischer Und Informatischer AktivitĂ€ten, Hildesheim, pp. 217-230. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hightechscribes-05.pdf.
  75. Derry, S. J. & Fischer, G. (2005) Toward a Model and Theory for Transdisciplinary Graduate Education (Symposium Contribution at Aera’2005, Montreal), http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/aera-montreal.pdf
  76. Fischer, G. (2005) “Distances and Diversity: Sources for Social Creativity” in Proceedings of Creativity & Cognition, ACM, London, April, pp. 128-136. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/creativity-cognition-2005.pdf.
  77. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Reuse-Conducive Development Environments,” International Journal Automated Software Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 12(2), pp. 199-235. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/J-ASE-final.pdf
  78. Giaccardi, E. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Creativity and Evolution: A Metadesign Perspective” in Proceedings of the European Academy of Design (Ead-6) Conference, Bremen, Germany, March. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ead06.pdf.
  79. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2005) “Knowledge Communication in Design Communities” in R. Bromme, F. W. Hesse, & H. Spada (Eds.), Barriers and Biases in Computer-Mediated Knowledge Communication, Springer, New York, N.Y., pp. 213-242. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/fi_ost-final.pdf.
  80. dePaula, R. & Fischer, G. (2005) “Knowledge Management: Why Learning from the Past Is Not Enough!” in J. Davis, E. Subrahmanian, & A. Westerberg (Eds.), Knowledge Management: Organizational and Technological Dimensions, Physica Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 21-54. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/km-final-2005.pdf.
  81. Fischer, G., Arias, E., Carmien, S., Eden, H., Gorman, A., Konomi, S. i., & Sullivan, J. (2004) Supporting Collaboration and Distributed Cognition in Context-Aware Pervasive Computing Environments (Paper Presented at the 2004 Meeting of the Human Computer Interaction Consortium “Computing Off the Desktop”), http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcic2004.pdf
  82. Fischer, G., Giaccardi, E., Ye, Y., Sutcliffe, A. G., & Mehandjiev, N. (2004) “Meta-Design: A Manifesto for End-User Development,” Communications of the ACM, 47(9), pp. 33-37. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/CACM-meta-design.pdf.
  83. Fischer, G. (2004) “Social Creativity: Turning Barriers into Opportunities for Collaborative Design” in F. deCindio, & D. Schuler (Eds.), Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (Pdc’04), CPSR, P.O. Box 717, Palo Alto, CA 94302, University of Toronto, Canada, July, pp. 152-161. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pd04-final-submit.pdf.
  84. Fischer, G., Scharff, E., & Ye, Y. (2004) “Fostering Social Creativity by Increasing Social Capital” in M. Huysman, & V. Wulf (Eds.), Social Capital and Information Technology, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 355-399. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/social-capital-2002.pdf.
  85. Fischer, G. (2003) “Meta-Design: Beyond User-Centered and Participatory Design” in C. Stephanidis, & J. Jacko (Eds.), Proceedings of HCI International 2003, Volume Vol. 4, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, Crete, Greece, June 2003, pp. 88-92. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2003-meta-design.pdf.
  86. Fischer, G. (2003) “Distributed Cognition: A Conceptual Framework for Design-for-All” in C. Stephanidis (Ed.), Proceedings of HCI International 2003, Volume Vol. 4, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, Crete, Greece, June 2003, pp. 78-82. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2003-dis-cog.pdf.
  87. Fischer, G. (2003) “Desert Island: Software Engineering — a Human Activity,” International Journal Automated Software Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 10(2), pp. 233-237. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase2002.pdf
  88. Fischer, G. (2002) Beyond ‘Couch Potatoes’: From Consumers to Designers and Active Contributors, in Firstmonday (Peer-Reviewed Journal on the Internet), http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1010/931
  89. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2002) “Transcending the Information Given: Designing Learning Environments for Informed Participation,” Proceedings of ICCE 2002 International Conference on Computers in Education (Auckland, New Zealand. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icce2002.pdf
  90. Fischer, G., Ehn, P., Engeström, Y., & Virkkunen, J. (2002) “Symmetry of Ignorance and Informed Participation,” Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (PDC’02) (Malmö University, Sweden), CPSR, pp. 426-428. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-soi.pdf
  91. Fischer, G. & Sullivan, J. (2002) “Human-Centered Public Transportation Systems for Persons with Cognitive Disabilities — Challenges and Insights for Participatory Design” in T. Binder, J. Gregory, & I. Wagner (Eds.), Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (Pdc’02), CPSR, P.O. Box 717, Palo Alto, CA 94302, Malmö University, Sweden, June, pp. 194-198. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-mfa.pdf.
  92. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2002) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth, and Reseeding: Enriching Participatory Design with Informed Participation,” Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference (PDC’02) (Malmö University, Sweden), CPSR, pp. 135-143. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/pdc2002-ser.pdf
  93. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2002) “Supporting Reuse by Delivering Task-Relevant and Personalized Information” in Proceedings of 2002 International Conference on Software Engineering (Icse’02), Orlando, FL, pp. 513-523. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1cse2002.pdf.
  94. Ye, Y. & Fischer, G. (2002) “Information Delivery in Support of Learning Reusable Software Components on Demand,” Proceedings of 2002 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI’02) (San Francisco, CA), ACM Press, pp. 159-166. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iui2002.pdf
  95. Fischer, G. (2001) “Lifelong Learning and Its Support with New Media” in N. J. Smelser, & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 13, Elsevier, pp. 8836-40. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iesbs2001.pdf.
  96. Fischer, G. (2001) “The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design,” Proceedings of ISFST2001: International Symposium on Future Software Technology, November, 2001 (ZhengZhou, China), Software Engineers Association, Japan, pp. 1-8. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/isfst2001.pdf
  97. Fischer, G. (2001) “External and Shareable Artifacts as Opportunities for Social Creativity in Communities of Interest,” Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design (University of Sydney), Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, pp. 67-89. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ccmcd2001.pdf
  98. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2001) “Context-Aware Browsing of Large Component Repositories,” Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE’01) (Coronado Island, CA), IEEE Computer Society, pp. 99-106. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase01.pdf
  99. Fischer, G. (2001) “Articulating the Task at Hand and Making Information Relevant to It,” Human-Computer Interaction Journal, Special Issue on “Context-Aware Computing”, 16, pp. 243-256. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hci2001.pdf
  100. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (2001) “Transcending the Individual Human Mind—Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design” in J. M. Carroll (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction in the New Millennium, ACM Press, New York, pp. 347-372. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/arias-etal-hcibook-2000-final-forweb.pdf.
  101. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2001) “Personalizing Delivered Information in a Software Reuse Environment” in M. Bauer, P. Gmytrasiewicz, & J. Vassileva (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on User Modeling 2001, Sonthofen, Germany, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 178-187. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/um2001.pdf.
  102. Fischer, G. (2001) “Communities of Interest: Learning through the Interaction of Multiple Knowledge Systems,” 24th Annual Information Systems Research Seminar In Scandinavia (IRIS’24) (Ulvik, Norway), Department of Information Science, Bergen, Norway, pp. 1-14. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iris24.pdf
  103. Fischer, G., Grudin, J., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Redmiles, D., Reeves, B., & Shipman, F. (2001) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: The Incremental Development of Collaborative Design Environments” in G. M. Olson, T. W. Malone, & J. B. Smith (Eds.), Coordination Theory and Collaboration Technology, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 447-472. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/rosenberg-2001.pdf.
  104. Fischer, G. (2001) “User Modeling in Human-Computer Interaction,” User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction (UMUAI), 11(1), pp. 65-86. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/umuai2000.pdf
  105. dePaula, R., Fischer, G., & Ostwald, J. (2001) “Courses as Seeds: Expectations and Realities” in P. Dillenbourg, A. Eurelings, & K. Hakkarainen (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Maastricht, Netherlands, pp. 494-501. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ecscl2001.pdf.
  106. Fischer, G. & Ostwald, J. (2001) “Knowledge Management—Problems, Promises, Realities, and Challenges,” IEEE Intelligent Systems, January/February 2001, pp. 60-72. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/km-ieee-2001.pdf
  107. Fischer, G. (2000) “Lifelong Learning – More Than Training,” Journal of Interactive Learning Research, Special Issue on Intelligent Systems/Tools In Training and Life-Long Learning (eds.: Riichiro Mizoguchi and Piet A.M. Kommers), 11(3/4), pp. 265-294. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/lll99.pdf
  108. Fischer, G., Ye, Y., & Reeves, B. (2000) “Integrating Active Information Delivery and Reuse Repository Systems,” ACM SIGSOFT 8th International Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering (FSE-8) (San Diego, pp. 60-68. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/fse8-2000.pdf
  109. Arias, E. & Fischer, G. (2000) “Boundary Objects: Their Role in Articulating the Task at Hand and Making Information Relevant to It,” International ICSC Symposium on Interactive & Collaborative Computing  (ICC’2000), University of Wollongong, Australia, ICSC Academic Press, Wetaskiwin, Canada, pp. 567-574. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icsc2000.pdf
  110. Fischer, G. (2000) “Design, Learning, Collaboration and New Media—a Co-Evolutionary HCI Perspective” in N. O. C. Paris, S. Howard, and S. Lu (Ed.), Proceedings of Ozchi 2000, Sydney, Australia, pp. 282-289. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ozchi2000.pdf.
  111. Fischer, G. (2000) “Social Creativity, Symmetry of Ignorance and Meta-Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal (Special Issue on Creativity & Cognition), Elsevier Science B.V., Oxford, UK, 13(7-8), pp. 527-537. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/kbs2000.pdf
  112. Fischer, G. (2000) “Shared Understanding, Informed Participation, and Social Creativity – Objectives for the Next Generation of Collaborative Systems,” Proceedings of COOP’2000 (Sophia Antipolis, France), May. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/coop2000.pdf
  113. Fischer, G. & Ye, Y. (2000) “Promoting Reuse with Active Reuse Repository Systems,” Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Software Reuse (Vienna, Austria), June 27-29, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 302-317. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icsr6-2000.pdf
  114. Fischer, G., Greenbaum, J., & Nake, F. (2000) “Return to the Garden of Eden? Learning, Working, and Living,” The Journal of the Learning Sciences, 9(4), pp. 505-513. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/jls2000.pdf
  115. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (2000) “Transcending the Individual Human Mind—Creating Shared Understanding through Collaborative Design,” ACM Transactions on Computer Human-Interaction, 7(1), pp. 84-113. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/tochi2000.pdf
  116. Fischer, G. & Scharff, E. (2000) “Meta-Design—Design for Designers,” 3rd International Conference on Designing Interactive Systems (DIS 2000) (New York), ACM, pp. 396-405. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/dis2000.pdf
  117. Fischer, G. (1999) “Social Creativity, Symmetry of Ignorance and Meta-Design,” Proceedings of  Creativity & Cognition 1999 (New York), ACM Press, pp. 116-123. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cc99-paper.pdf
  118. Edmonds, E., Candy, L., Cox, G., Eisenstein, J., Fischer, G., Hughes, B., & Hewett, T. (1999) “Individual and/Versus Social Creativity,” Proceedings of the Conference “Creativity & Cognition 1999”, pp. 36-39. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cc99-panel.pdf
  119. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., Fischer, G., Gorman, A., & Scharff, E. (1999) “Beyond Access: Informed Participation and Empowerment,” Proceedings of the Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL ’99) Conference (Stanford, pp. 20-32. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~l3d/systems/EDC/pdf/cscl99.pdf
  120. Fischer, G. (1999) “Lifelong Learning: Changing Mindsets” in G. Cumming, T. Okamoto, & L. Gomez (Eds.), 7th International Conference on Computers in Education on “New Human Abilities for the Networked Society” (ICCE ’99, Chiba, Japan), IOS Press, Omaha, pp. 21-30. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1999-ICCE-final-submitted.pdf.
  121. Fischer, G. (1999) “User Modeling: The Long and Winding Road” in J. Kay (Ed.), Proceedings of Um99: User Modelling Conference (Banff, Canada), Springer Verlag, Wien New York, pp. 349-355. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/um99.pdf.
  122. Fischer, G. (1999) “A Group Has No Head — Conceptual Frameworks and Systems for Supporting Social Interaction (in Japanese; Translated by Masanori Sugimoto),” Information Processing Society of Japan (IPSJ) Magazine, 40(6), pp. 575-582. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ipsj99.pdf
  123. Fischer, G. (1999) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments — Supporting Individual and Social Creativity” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Computational Models of Creative Design Iv, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition, Sydney, Australia, pp. 83-111. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/cmcd-99.pdf.
  124. Fischer, G. (1998) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Constructing, Capturing and Evolving Knowledge in Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Automated Software Engineering, 5(4), pp. 447-464. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ase-093097.pdf
  125. Fischer, G. (1998) “Transcending ‘Cultures’-Creating a Shared Understanding between Computer Science and Sport” in J. Mester, & J. Perl (Eds.), Informatik Im Sport, Bundesinstitut fĂŒr Sportwissenschaft, pp. 43-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/informatikim-sport.pdf.
  126. Fischer, G. & Scharff, E. (1998) “Learning Technologies in Support of Self-Directed Learning,” Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 1998(4). http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/98/4
  127. Fischer, G. (1998) “Complex Systems: Why Do They Need to Evolve and How Can Evolution Be Supported” in I. Smith (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering, Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 92-112. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/aise98-final.pdf.
  128. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1998) “Embedding Critics in Design Environments” in M. T. Maybury, & W. Wahlster (Eds.), Readings in Intelligent User Interfaces, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, pp. 537-559. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/embedded-critics-98.pdf.
  129. Fischer, G. (1998) “Making Learning a Part of Life—Beyond the ‘Gift-Wrapping’ Approach of Technology” in P. Alheit, & E. Kammler (Eds.), Lifelong Learning and Its Impact on Social and Regional Development, Donat Verlag, Bremen, pp. 435-462. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/giftwrapping-98.pdf.
  130. Fischer, G. (1998) “Beyond ‘Couch Potatoes’: From Consumers to Designers,” Asian Pacific Computer Human Interaction Conference (APCHI’98) (Tokyo), IEEE Computer Society, pp. 2-9. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/apchi-98.pdf
  131. Fischer, G. (1997) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments: Knowledge-Based Systems for the Real World,” Failure & Lessons Learned in Information Technology Management (Special Issue on Successes and Pitfalls of Knowledge-Based Systems in Real-World Applications), 1(2), pp. 123-133. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ij-fail-97.pdf
  132. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1997) “Computational Environments Supporting Creativity in the Context of Lifelong Learning and Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal , Special Issue on Information Technology Support for Creativity, 10(1), pp. 21-28. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/kbsj-97.pdf
  133. El-Said, M. G., Fischer, G., Gamalel-din, S. A., & Zaki, M. (1997) “ADDI: A Tool for Automating the Design of Visual Interfaces” ( , Elsevier Science B.V., Oxford, Uk, Vol. 21, No 1, 1997, Pp. 79-87.,” Computer & Graphics, 21(1), pp. 79-87. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1997-ADDI-ComputGraphics.pdf
  134. Fischer, G. (1997) “Learning and Intelligent Systems (Ns97-132) Lifelong Learning” in, National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, pp. 7-12. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1997-Lifelong-Learning-NSF-Symp-Learning-.pdf.
  135. Arias, E. G., Eden, H., & Fischer, G. (1997) “Enhancing Communication, Facilitating Shared Understanding, and Creating Better Artifacts by Integrating Physical and Computational Media for Design” in Proceedings of Designing Interactive Systems (DIS 97), ACM, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 1-12. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/dis97.pdf.
  136. Fischer, G. (1997) “Evolution of Complex Systems by Supporting Collaborating Communities of Practice,” International Conference on Computers in Education (Kuching, Malaysi), Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), pp. 9-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/AACE-97.pdf
  137. Fischer, G. & Thomas, C. (1997) “Using Agents to Personalize the Web” in The 1997 International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, Orlando, Fl, ACM, New York, pp. 53-60. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/iui-97.pdf.
  138. Fischer, G. (1996) “Evolutionary Design of Open, Complex Systems,” International Symposium on Science of Computing and Technology of Software December, Software Engineer’s Association, pp. 13-25. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Evolutionary-Design-SympSciCompTechSoft.pdf
  139. Sullivan, J. & Fischer, G. (1996) “Proactive Multimedia Systems to Support Learning While Working,” Second International Workshop on Multimedia Information Systems (West Point, NY, pp. 58-62. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Proactive-Multimedia-Wksp-MultiMedInfoSys.pdf
  140. Fischer, G., Lindstaedt, S., Ostwald, J., Schneider, K., & Smith, J. (1996) “Informing System Design through Organizational Learning” in Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the Learning Sciences, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), pp. 52-59. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/icls-96.pdf.
  141. Fischer, G. (1996) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Constructing,Capturing and Evolving Knowledge in Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Proceedings of IFIP WG 8.1/13.2 Joint Working Conference, “Domain Knowledge for Interactive System Design”, IFIP Series (Geneva, Switzerland), May, Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 1-16. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/ifip-96.pdf
  142. Fischer, G. (1996) Making Learning a Part of Life—Beyond the “Gift Wrapping Approach to Technology, http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~l3d/presentations/gf-wlf/
  143. Fischer, G. (1998) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Software Engineering (Berlin, Germany), March, ComputerSociety, pp. 517-520. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-DODE-mini-tutorial-18thInterntlConfSE.pdf
  144. Fischer, G. & Thomas, C. (1996) “Using Agents to Improve the Usability and Usefulness Ofthe World-Wide Web,” Proceedings of the 5th InternationalConference on User Modeling (UM-96) (Kailua-Kona, HI), User Modeling, Inc, pp. 1-17. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/UM-1996.pdf
  145. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1996) “Making Argumentation Serve Design” in T. Moran, & J. Carrol (Eds.), Design Rationale: Concepts, Techniques, and Use, Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates, Mahwah, NJ, pp. 267-293. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1996-Making-Argumentation-Serve-Design.pdf.
  146. Fischer, G. (1995) “Distributed Cognition, Learning Webs, and Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in J. L. Schnase, & E. L. Cunnius (Eds.), Proceedings of Cscl’95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Mahwah, NJ, pp. 125-129. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Distributed-Cognition-CSCL95.pdf.
  147. Fischer, G. (1995) “Rethinking and Reinventing Artificial Intelligence from the Perspective of Human-Centered Computational Artifacts” in J. Wainer, & A. Carvalho (Eds.), Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 12th Brazilian Symposium on Artificial Intelligence Sbia’95, Campinas, Brazil, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 1-11. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-RethinkingReinventing-SBIA.pdf.
  148. Fischer, G. & Reeves, B. (1995) “Beyond Intelligent Interfaces: Exploring, Analyzing, and Creating Success Models of Cooperative Problem Solving” in R. Baecker, J. Grudin, W. Buxton, & S. Greenberg (Eds.), Reading in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the Year 2000, Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 822-831. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-BeyondIntellInterfaces.pdf.
  149. Fischer, G. (1995) “Learning Opportunities Provided by Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in A. A. diSessa, C. Hoyles, & R. Noss (Eds.), Computers and Exploratory Learning, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 463-480.
  150. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., & Ostwald, J. (1995) “Supporting the Evolution of Design Artifacts with Representations of Context and Intent” in G. M. Olson, & S. Schuon (Eds.), Proceedings of Designing Interactive Systems (Dis’95) Symposium: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques, ACM, New York, pp. 7-15. http://www.cs.colorado.edu/~ostwald/papers/dis95-intent-abstract.html.
  151. Fischer, G., Lindstaedt, S., Ostwald, J., Stolze, M., Sumner, T., & Zimmermann, B. (1995) “From Domain Modeling to Collaborative Domain Construction” in G. M. Olson, & S. Schuon (Eds.), Proceedings of Dis’95 Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques, ACM, New York, pp. 75 – 85. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-From-Domain-Model-DIS95.pdf.
  152. Guzdial, M., Kafai, Y., Carroll, J., Fischer, G., Schank, R., Soloway, E., & Shneiderman, B. (1995) “Learner-Centered System Design: HCI Perspective for the Future,” Proceedings of DIS’95—Symposium on Designing Interactive Systems (Ann Arbor, MI), pp. 143-147. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Learner-Centered-Sys-DIS95.pdf
  153. Edmonds, E., Fischer, G., Mountford, S. J., Nake, F., Rieken, D., & Spence, R. (1995) “Creativity: Interacting with Computers,” CHI’95 Conference Companion, pp. 185-186. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Creativity-Interact-CHI95.pdf
  154. Fischer, G. (1995) “New Perspectives on Working, Learning and Collaborating and Computational Artifacts in Their Support,” SoftwareErgonomie’95 (Stuttgart), German Chapter of the ACME, Teubner, pp. 21-41. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-New-Perspectives.pdf
  155. Fischer, G. (1995) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments as Models for the Design of Cooperative Systems,” Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Design of Cooperative Systems (Antibes-Juan-les-Pins, France), January, pp. 20-41. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-DODE-as-Models-Wkshp-DesignCoopSys.pdf
  156. Fischer, G., Redmiles, D., Williams, L., Puhr, G., Aoki, A., & Nakakoji, K. (1995) “Beyond Object-Oriented Development: Where Current Object-Oriented Approaches Fall Short,” Human-Computer Interaction, Special Issue on Object-Oriented Design, 10(1), pp. 79-119. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Beyond-Obj-Oriented-Devlp-HCISpecIssue.pdf
  157. Nakakoji, K. & Fischer, G. (1995) “Intertwining Knowledge Delivery and Elicitation: A Process Model for Human-Computer Collaboration in Design,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal, Special Issue on Human-Computer Collaboration, 8(2-3), pp. 94-104. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1995-Intertwining-Knowledge-KBS.pdf
  158. Fischer, G. (1994) “Turning Breakdowns into Opportunities for Creativity,” Knowledge-Based Systems, Special Issue on Creativity and Cognition, 7(4), pp. 221-232. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Turning-Breakdowns-C&C.pdf
  159. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in K. Brunnstein, & E. Raugold (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th World Computer Congress’94, Volume 2, North Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 115-122. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-13th-World-Comp-Congrs.pdf.
  160. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments: Reply to Commentaries,” Automated Software Engineering, 1, pp. 223-229. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-Reply-to-Commentaries-Automated-SoftEng.pdf
  161. Fischer, G. (1994) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” Automated Software Engineering, 1(2), pp. 177-203. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-DODE-Automated-SoftEng.pdf
  162. Fischer, G. (1994) “Computational Environments in Support of Self-Directed Learning” in P. Brusilosky, S. Dikareva, J. Greer, & V. Petrushin (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1994 East-West Conference on Computer Technologies in Education, Part 1 (Ew-Ed’94) (Crimea, Ukraine), International Centre for Scientific and Technical Information, Moscow, Russia, pp. 10-15. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Computational-Environ-ProcE-W-InternatlConf.pdf.
  163. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1994) “Amplifying Designers’ Creativity with Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in T. Dartnall (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Creativity, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 343-364. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Amplifying-Designers-AICreativity.pdf.
  164. Fischer, G., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Reeves, B., & Shipman, F. (1994) “Seeding, Evolutionary Growth and Reseeding: Supporting Incremental Development of Design Environments” in B. Adelson, S. Dumais, & J. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Chi’94), Volume 1, ACM, New York, pp. 292-298. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/191666/p292-fischer/p292-fischer.pdf.
  165. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (1994) “Programmable Design Environments: Integrating End-User Programming with Domain-Oriented Assistance” in B. Adelson, S. Dumais, & J. Olson (Eds.), Human Factors in Computing Systems, Chi’94 (Boston, Ma), ACM, New York, pp. 431-437. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Programmable-Des-Envirn-CHI94.pdf.
  166. Fischer, G. (1994) “Putting the Owners of Problems in Charge with Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in D. Gilmore, R. Winder, & F. Detienne (Eds.), User-Centered Requirements for Software Engineering Environments, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, pp. 297-306. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1994-Putting-the-Owners-UserCtrRequir.pdf.
  167. Fischer, G. (1994) “In Defense of Demassification: Empowering Individuals,” Human-Computer Interaction, 9(1), pp. 66-70. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/hcij-demass.pdf
  168. Eisenberg, M. & Fischer, G. (1993) “Symposium: Learning on Demand” in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, Boulder, CO, pp. 180-186. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Symp-on-LOD-15thConfCogSciSoc.pdf.
  169. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1993) “Embedding Critics in Design Environments,” The Knowledge Engineering Review Journal, 8(4), pp. 285-307. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Embedding-Critcs-KnowEngReview.pdf
  170. Fischer, G. (1993) “Knowledge Delivery: Facilitating Human-Computer Collaboration in Integrated Design Environments,” AAAI-93 Fall Symposium on Human-ComputerCollaboration: Reconciling Theory, Synthesizing Practice (Raleigh, NC), pp. .63-68. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Knowledge-Delivery-AAAI93.pdf
  171. Fischer, G. (1993) “Beyond Human Computer Interaction: Designing Useful and Usable Computational Environments” in People and Computers Viii: Proceedings of the HCI ’93 Conference (Loughborough, England), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 17-31. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Beyond-HCI-Designing-HCI93.pdf.
  172. Fischer, G. (1993) “Beyond Human-Computer Interaction” in H. D. Boecker, W. Glatthaar, & T. Strothotte (Eds.), Mensch Computer Kommunikation, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 274-287.
  173. Fischer, G. (1993) “Shared Knowledge in Cooperative Problem-Solving Systems – Integrating Adaptive and Adaptable Components” in M. Schneider-Hufschmidt, T. Kuehme, & U. Malinowski (Eds.), Adaptive User Interfaces – Principles and Practice, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, pp. 49-68. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Shared-Knowledge-AdaptUserInterfc.pdf.
  174. Fischer, G. (1993) “Creativity Enhancing Design Environments” in J. S. Gero, & M. L. Maher (Eds.), Modeling Creativity and Knowledge-Based Creative Design, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 235-258. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Creativity-Enhancing-ModelCreativity.pdf.
  175. Fischer, G., Nakakoji, K., Ostwald, J., Stahl, G., & Sumner, T. (1993) “Embedding Computer-Based Critics in the Contexts of Design” in S. Ashlund, K. Mullet, A. Henderson, E. Hollnagel, & T. White (Eds.), Proceedings of Interchi’93 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, New York, pp. 157-164. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1993-Embedding-Computer-Based-INTERCHI93.pdf.
  176. Fischer, G. (1992) “Domain-Oriented Design Environments” in Proceedings of the 7th Annual Knowledge-Based Software Engineering (Kbse-92) Conference, Mclean, Va, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, pp. 204-213. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-DODE-KBSE92.pdf.
  177. Fischer, G., Grudin, J., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., Ostwald, J., Reeves, B. N., & Shipman, F. (1992) “Supporting Indirect, Collaborative Design with Integrated Knowledge-Based Design Environments,” Human Computer Interaction, Special Issue on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 7(3), pp. 281-314. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Support-Indirect-Collab-CSCW92.pdf
  178. Fischer, G. (1992) “Shared Knowledge in Cooperative Problem-Solving Systems – Integrating Adaptive and Adaptable Systems”, Proceedings of 3rd International Workshop on User Modeling (UM ’92), The German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence, Dagstuhl, Germany, pp. 148-161.
  179. Fischer, G., Girgensohn, A., Nakakoji, K., & Redmiles, D. (1992) “Supporting Software Designers with Integrated, Domain-Oriented Design Environments,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Special Issue on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning in Software Engineering, 18(6), pp. 511-522. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Supporting-Software-Designers-IEEE-TransSE.pdf
  180. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1992) “Beyond the Macho Approach of Artificial Intelligence: Empower Human Designers – Do Not Replace Them,” Knowledge-Based Systems Journal, Special Issue on AI in Design, 5(1), pp. 15-30. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Beyond-Macho-Approach-KBS.pdf
  181. Fischer, G. & Reeves, B. N. (1992) “Beyond Intelligent Interfaces: Exploring, Analyzing and Creating Success Models of Cooperative Problem Solving,” Applied Intelligence, Special Issue Intelligent Interfaces, 1, pp. 311-332. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1992-Beyond-Intelligent-Interfaces-ApplIntell-d1.pdf
  182. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1991) “Making Argumentation Serve Design,” Human-Computer Interaction, 6(3-4), pp. 393-419. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Making-Argumentation-Serve-Design-HCIJ.pdf
  183. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. (1991) “The Role of Critiquing in Cooperative Problem Solving,” ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9(3), pp. 123-151. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Role-of-Critiquing-ACMTransInfoSci.pdf
  184. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. I. (1991) “Critics: An Emerging Approach to Knowledge-Based Human Computer Interaction,” International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 35(5), pp. 695-721. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Critics-ijmms.pdf
  185. Fischer, G. & Mastaglio, T. (1991) “A Conceptual Framework for Knowledge-Based Critic Systems,” Decision Support Systems, 7(4), pp. 355-378. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-A-Conceptual-Framework-DecsSpptSys.pdf
  186. Fischer, G. (1991) “Supporting Learning on Demand with Design Environments” in L. Birnbaum (Ed.), International Conference on the Learning Sciences (Evanston, Il), Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, pp. 165-172. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Supporting-LOD-InternatlConfLearnSci.pdf.
  187. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Nieper-Lemke, H. (1991) “The Role of Visual Representations in Understanding Software” in D. Partridge (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Software Engineering, Ablex Publishing Corporation, Norwood, NJ, pp. 273-290. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Role-of-Visual-Rep-AI&SE.pdf.
  188. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1991) “Making Design Objects Relevant to the Task at Hand” in Proceedings of AAAI-91, Ninth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 67-73. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Making-Design-Object-AAAI91.pdf.
  189. Fischer, G. & Nakakoji, K. (1991) “Empowering Designers with Integrated Design Environments” in J. Gero (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence in Design’91, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, Oxford, England, pp. 191-209. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Empowering-Designers-ConfAIDesign.pdf.
  190. Fischer, G., Henninger, S. R., & Redmiles, D. F. (1991) “Cognitive Tools for Locating and Comprehending Software Objects for Reuse” in Thirteenth International Conference on Software Engineering (Austin, Tx), IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA, pp. 318-328. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Cognitive-Tools-ConfSE.pdf.
  191. Fischer, G. & Stevens, C. (1991) “Information Access in Complex, Poorly Structured Information Spaces” in S. P. Robertson, G. M. Olson, & J. S. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’91 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 63-70. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Information-Access-CHI91.pdf.
  192. Fischer, G., Henninger, S. R., & Redmiles, D. F. (1991) “Intertwining Query Construction and Relevance Evaluation” in S. P. Robertson, G. M. Olson, & J. S. Olson (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’91 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 55-62. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-IntertwiningQuery-CHI91.pdf.
  193. Fischer, G. (1991) “The Importance of Models in Making Complex Systems Comprehensible” in D. Ackerman, & M. Tauber (Eds.), Mental Models and Human Computer Communication: Proceedings of the 8th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Informatics and Psychology (Schaerding, Austria), Volume 2, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 3-36. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1991-Importance-of-Models-InfoPsychWkshp.pdf.
  194. Lemke, A. C. & Fischer, G. (1990) “A Cooperative Problem Solving System for User Interface Design” in Proceedings of AAAI-90, Eighth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 479-484. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-A-Coop-Problem-Solving-Sys-AAAI90.pdf.
  195. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & McCall, R. (1990) “Towards a System Architecture Supporting Contextualized Learning” in Proceedings of AAAI-90, Eighth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI Press/The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 420-425. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Towards-a-System-Arch-AAAI90.pdf.
  196. McCall, R., Fischer, G., & Morch, A. (1990) “Supporting Reflection-in-Action in the Janus Design Environment” in M. McCullough, W. J. Mitchell, & P. Purcell (Eds.), The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 247-259. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-Supporting-Reflection-ElectDesignStudio.pdf.
  197. Fischer, G. (1990) “Communication Requirements for Cooperative Problem Solving Systems,” Information Systems, 15(1), pp. 21-36. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Communication-Requirements-InfoSys.pdf
  198. Fischer, G. (1990) “Cooperative Knowledge-Based Design Environments for the Design, Use, and Maintenance of Software” in Software Symposium’90 (Kyoto, Japan), pp. 2-22.
  199. Nakakoji, K. & Fischer, G. (1990) “CATALOG EXPLORER: Exploiting the Synergy of Integrated Design Environments” in Software Symposium’90 (Kyoto, Japan), pp. 264-271. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Catalog-Explorer-10th-SoftSym90.pdf.
  200. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., Mastaglio, T., & Morch, A. (1990) “Using Critics to Empower Users” in J. Carrasco, & J. Whiteside (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’90 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 337-347. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Using-Critics-CHI90.pdf.
  201. Fischer, G. & Girgensohn, A. (1990) “End-User Modifiability in Design Environments” in Human Factors in Computing Systems, (Chi’90) (Seattle, Wa), ACM, New York, pp. 183-191. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-End-User-Modifiability-CHI90.pdf.
  202. Fischer, G., Mastaglio, T., Reeves, B. N., & Rieman, J. (1990) “Minimalist Explanations in Knowledge-Based Systems” in J. F. Nunamaker, Jr (Ed.), Proceedings of the 23rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Vol Iii: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 309-317. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1990-Minimalist-Explanations-HICSS-23.pdf.
  203. Fischer, G., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1989) “JANUS: Integrating Hypertext with a Knowledge-Based Design Environment” in Hypertext ’89 (Pittsburgh, Pa), ACM, New York, pp. 105-117. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-JANUS-HypertxtACM89.pdf.
  204. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. (1989) “Design Environments: From Human-Computer Communication to Human Problem-Domain Communication and Beyond,” Proceedings of the IJCAI-89 Workshop on “A New Generation of Intelligent Interfaces” (Detroit, MI), August, pp. 53-58.
  205. Fischer, G., Mastaglio, T., & Rieman, J. (1989) “User Modeling in Critics Based on a Study of Human Experts” in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Rocky Mountain Conference on Artificial Intelligence, RMSAI, Denver, CO, pp. 217-225. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-User-Modeling-in-Critics-4thRockyMtnAI.pdf.
  206. Fischer, G. & Nieper-Lemke, H. (1989) “HELGON: Extending the Retrieval by Reformulation Paradigm” in K. Bice, & C. Lewis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’89 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 357-362. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-HELGON-CHI89.pdf.
  207. Fischer, G., McCall, R., & Morch, A. (1989) “Design Environments for Constructive and Argumentative Design” in K. Bice, & C. Lewis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’89 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 269-275. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-Design-Envirn-Constructive-CHI89.pdf.
  208. Fischer, G. (1989) “Human-Computer Interaction Software: Lessons Learned, Challenges Ahead,” IEEE Software, 6(1), pp. 44-52. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-HCI-Lessons-Learned-IEEESoft.pdf
  209. Fischer, G. & Mastaglio, T. (1989) “Computer-Based Critics” in Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Hawaii Conference on System Sciences, Vol. Iii: Decision Support and Knowledge Based Systems Track, IEEE Computer Society, pp. 427-436. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1989-ComputerBased-Critics-HICSS-22.pdf.
  210. Fischer, G. (1988) “Cooperative Problem Solving Systems” in Proceedings of the 1st Simposium Internacional De Inteligencia Artificial (Monterrey, Mexico), pp. 127-132.
  211. Fischer, G., King, R., Nutt, G., Osterweil, L., & Rathke, C. (1988) “Software Maintenance Environments: A New Perspective,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications (OOPSLA’88) (San Diego, CA), September, p. 369. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Software-Maintenance-OOPSLA.pdf
  212. Fischer, G. & Rathke, C. (1988) “Knowledge-Based Spreadsheet Systems” in Proceedings of AAAI-88, Seventh National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (St. Paul, Mn), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA, pp. 802-807. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-KB-Spreadsheet-AAAI-88.pdf.
  213. Fischer, G. & Morch, A. (1988) “CRACK: A Critiquing Approach to Cooperative Kitchen Design” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (Montreal, Canada), ACM, New York, pp. 176-185. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-CRACK-ITS-88.pdf.
  214. Fischer, G., Weyer, S. A., Jones, W. P., Kay, A. C., Kintsch, W., & Trigg, R. H. (1988) “A Critical Assessment of Hypertext Systems” in Human Factors in Computing Systems, Chi’88 Conference Proceedings (Washington, Dc), ACM, New York, pp. 223-227. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Critical-Assess-Hypertext-CHI88.pdf.
  215. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. C. (1988) “Construction Kits and Design Environments: Steps toward Human Problem-Domain Communication,” Human-Computer Interaction, 3(3), pp. 179-222. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Construction-Kits-HCI-J.pdf
  216. Fischer, G. (1988) “Enhancing Incremental Learning Processes with Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. Mandl, & A. Lesgold (Eds.), Learning Issues for Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 138-163. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Enhancing-Incremental-ITS.pdf.
  217. Fischer, G. & Lemke, A. C. (1988) “Constrained Design Processes: Steps Towards Convivial Computing” in R. Guindon (Ed.), Cognitive Science and Its Application for Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Hillsdale, NJ, pp. 1-58. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1988-Constrained-Design-CogSciAppHCI.pdf.
  218. Fischer, G. (1987) “A Critic for Lisp” in J. McDermott (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (Milan, Italy), Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Los Altos, CA, pp. 177-184. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Critic-for-LISP-IJCAI87.pdf.
  219. Fischer, G. & Stevens, C. (1987) “Volunteering Information — Enhancing the Communication Capabilities of Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. Bullinger, & B. Shackel (Eds.), Proceedings of Interact’87, 2nd IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (Stuttgart, Frg), North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 965-971. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Critic-for-LISP-IJCAI87.pdf.
  220. Fischer, G. (1987) “Making Computers More Useful and More Usable” in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (Honolulu, Hawaii), Elsevier Science Publishers, New York, pp. 97-104. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Making-Computers-Useful-2nd-InternalHCI.pdf.
  221. Fischer, G. (1987) “An Object-Oriented Construction and Tool Kit for Human-Computer Communication,” ACM Computer Graphics, 21(2), pp. 105-109. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-An-Object-Oriented-Construction-ACM-CompGraphics.pdf
  222. Betts, B., Burlingame, D., Fischer, G., Foley, J., Green, M., Kasik, D., Kerr, S. T., Olsen, D., & Thomas, J. (1987) “Goals and Objectives for User Interface Software,” ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, 21(2), pp. 73-78. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/1987-goals-objectives-UI-software.pdf
  223. Fischer, G. (1987) “Cognitive View of Reuse and Redesign,” IEEE Software, Special Issue on Reusability, 4(4), pp. 60-72. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1987-Cog-View-Reuse-IEEESoftware.pdf
  224. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Rathke, C. (1987) “From Design to Redesign” in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Software Engineering, Monterey, CA, IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, pp. 369-376.
  225. Fischer, G. & Herczeg, M. (1986) “Wissensbasierte Systeme Und Mensch-Computer Kommunikation” in H.-J. Bullinger, & R. Guenzenhaeuser (Eds.), Software-Ergonomie, Expert Verlat, Sindelfingen, Germany, pp. 103-120.
  226. Fischer, G. (1986) “Intelligent Systems: Increasing the Usability and Utility of Computer Systems,” Proceedings of the Australian Computer Society Conference September, pp. 252-276.
  227. Fischer, G. (1986) “Menschengerechte Computersysteme – Mehr Als Ein Schlagwort?” in G. Fischer, & R. Gunzenhaeuser (Eds.), Methoden Und Werkzeuge Zur Gestaltung Benutzergerechter Computersysteme, Volume 1, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin – New York, pp. 17-44.
  228. Fischer, G. (1986) “Cognitive Science: Information Processing in Humans and Computers” in H. Winter (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence and Man-Machine Systems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 84-112.
  229. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Nieper, H. (1986) “The Enhancement of Understanding through Visual Representations” in M. Mantei, & P. Orbeton (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’86 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 44-50. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1986-Enhancement-of-Understanding-CHI86.pdf.
  230. Fischer, G. (1986) “From Interactive to Intelligent Systems” in J. K. Skwirzynski (Ed.), The Challenge of Advanced Computing Technology to System Design Methods, Proceedings of a Nato Advanced Study Institute (University of Durham), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 185-212. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1986-From-Interactive-NATOAdvStdProc.pdf.
  231. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Schwab, T. (1985) “Knowledge-Based Help Systems” in L. Borman, & B. Curtis (Eds.), Proceedings of Chi’85 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, New York, pp. 161-167. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1985-KB-HelpSystems-CHI85.pdf.
  232. Fischer, G. (1984) “Kuenstliche Intelligenz – Zielsetzungen Fuer Die Zukunft,” Technische Rundschau Bern, 76(43), pp. 126-139.
  233. Fischer, G., Lemke, A. C., & Schwab, T. (1984) “Active Help Systems” in G. C. van der Veer, M. J. Tauber, T. R. G. Green, & P. Gorny (Eds.), Readings on Cognitive Ergonomics – Mind and Computers, Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference (Gmunden, Austria), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 116-131. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-Active-Help-Sys-2ndEuopConfCogErg.pdf.
  234. Fischer, G. (1984) “Formen Und Funktionen Von Modellen in Der Mensch-Computer Kommunikation” in H. Schauer, & M. J. Tauber (Eds.), Psychologie Der Computerbenutzung, Volume 22, R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Wien – Muenchen, pp. 328-343.
  235. Fischer, G. & Schneider, M. (1984) “Computer-Supported Program Documentation Systems,” Proceedings of INTERACT’84, IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (London), September, pp. 248-255.
  236. Fischer, G. (1984) “Human-Computer Communication and Knowledge-Based Systems” in H. J. Otway, & M. Peltu (Eds.), The Managerial Challenge of New Office Technology, Butterworths, London, pp. 54-79. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-HCC-&-KB-Sys-CommEuropComm.pdf.
  237. Fischer, G. & Schneider, M. (1984) “Knowledge-Based Communication Processes in Software Engineering” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Software Engineering (Orlando, Fl), IEEE Computer Society, Los Angeles, CA, pp. 358-368. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1984-KB-Comm-Process-in-SE-7th-ICSE.pdf.
  238. Burton, R. R., Brown, J. S., & Fischer, G. (1984) “Analysis of Skiing as a Success Model of Instruction: Manipulating the Learning Environment to Enhance Skill Acquisition” in B. Rogoff, & J. Lave (Eds.), Everyday Cognition: Its Development in Social Context, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA – London, pp. 139-150. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/skiing-paper-1984.pdf.
  239. Fischer, G. (1983) “Symbiotic, Knowledge-Based Computer Support Systems,” Automatica, 19(6), pp. 627-636. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-SymbioticKnwBased-IFAC.pdf
  240. Fischer, G. (1983) “Wie Intelligent Koennen Und Sollen Computersysteme Sein?,” Proceedings des GACM Tutorials Intelligenztechnologie Teubner Verlag, pp. 168-181.
  241. Fischer, G. (1983) “Intelligente Benutzerschnittstellen,” Proceedings des GACM Tutorials Intelligenztechnologie Teubner Verlag, pp. 116-133.
  242. Fischer, G. (1983) “Entwurfsrichtlinien Fuer Die Software-Ergonomie Aus Der Sicht Der Mensch-Maschine Kommunikation (MMK)” in H. Balzert (Ed.), Software-Ergonomie, Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 30-49.
  243. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1983, March) “Mensch-Computer Kommunikation: Dimension Der Naechsten Generation,” Computer Magazin, pp. 14-25.
  244. Fischer, G. (1983) “Navigationswerkzeuge in Wissensbasierten Systemen” in Office Management, Volume 31, pp. 49-52.
  245. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1983) “The Nature of Design Processes and How Computer Systems Can Support Them” in P. Degano, & E. Sandewall (Eds.), Integrated Interactive Computing Systems, Proceedings of the European Conference on Integrated Interactive Computer Systems (Ecics 82), North-Holland, pp. 73-88. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-NatureOfDesignProcesses-IntegInterCompSys.pdf.
  246. Fischer, G. (1982) “Koennen Computer Denken?,” Bild der Wissenschaft, 19(6), pp. 46-58.
  247. Fischer, G. (1982, September) “Informatics in Secondary Schools and the Design of a Computer Culture,” Informatica e documentazione, pp. 200-209.
  248. Fischer, G. (1982) “Symbiotic, Knowledge-Based Computer Support Systems” in Proceedings of the Conference on Analysis, Design and Evaluation of Man-Machine Systems, Pergamon Press, Baden-Baden, pp. 351-358.
  249. Fischer, G. (1982) “Kognitionswissenschaft — Ein Bindeglied Zwischen Informatikund Psychologie” in R. Tauber, & H. Schauer (Eds.), Informatik Und Psychologie, Oldenburg Verlag, Wien, pp. 169-197.
  250. Fischer, G. (1981) “Computer Als Konviviale Werkzeuge” in Proceedings Der Jahrestagung Der Gesellschaft Fuer Informatik (Muenchen), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 407-417.
  251. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1981) “Understanding Design,” Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (Berkeley, CA), August, pp. 141-145. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1983-NatureOfDesignProcesses-IntegInterCompSys.pdf
  252. Fischer, G. (1981) “Computational Models of Skill Acquisition Processes” in R. Lewis, & D. Tagg (Eds.), Computers in Education, Proceedings of the 3rd World Conference on Computers and Education (Lausanne, Switzerland), pp. 477-481. http://l3d.cs.colorado.edu/~gerhard/papers/Scanned/1981-ComputationalModelsOfSkill-3rdWrldConfCompuEduc.pdf.
  253. Fischer, G. (1981) “An Interactive Knowledge-Based Information Manipulation System” in Proceedings of Gwai-81, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 168-170.
  254. Bauer, J., Boecker, H.-D., & Fischer, G. (1981) “Entwurf Und Implementation Eines Systems Multipler Fenster” in Notizen Zum Interaktiven Programmieren, Gesellschaft fuer Informatik, Fachgruppe Interaktives Programmieren, Oldenburg, pp. 90-99.
  255. Boecker, H. & Fischer, G. (1981) “Integrated Knowledge-Based Information Manipulation Systems (Abstract)” in J. H. Siekmann (Ed.), Gwai-81, German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence (Bad Honneff, Frg), Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 168-170.
  256. Fischer, G. & Kling, U. (1980) “Die Erforschung Kognitiver Phaenomene—Zum Stellenwert Der Arbeiten Von Herbert A. Simon FĂŒr Die Informatik,” Angewandte Informatik, Heft 6, June 1980, pp. 215-223.
  257. Fischer, G. (1980) “Cognitive Dimensions of Information Manipulation Systems” in P. R. Wossidlo (Ed.), Textverarbeitung Und Informatik, Fachtagung Der Gi, Bayreuth, Mai 1980, Springer-Verlag, Berlin – Heidelberg – New York, pp. 17-31.
  258. Fischer, G. & Laubsch, J. (1980) “Lisp-Basierte Programmentwicklungssysteme Zur Unterstuetzung Des Problemloeseprozesses” in Notizen Zum Interaktiven Programmieren, pp. 100-112.
  259. Fischer, G. (1979) “Powerful Ideas in Computational Linguistics – Implications for Problem Solving and Education” in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, UC San Diego, pp. 111-115.
  260. Laubsch, J., Fischer, G., & Boecker, H.-D. (1979) “Lisp Based Systems for Education,” BYTE, 4(8), pp. 18-24.
  261. Fischer, G. (1979) “Fehlerdiagnose – Grundbaustein Fuer Ein Verstehen Von Lehr- Und Lernprozessen” in Beitraege Zum Mathematikunterricht, Schroedel Verlag, pp. 120-123.
  262. Fischer, G. (1979) “Object-Oriented Programming and the Glass-Box Approach-Implicationsfor Problem Solving and Knowledge Representation,” Berichte zum Workshop “KuenstlicheIntelligenz” (Technischer Bericht, Universitaet Bonn), pp. 228-242.
  263. Fischer, G. & Laubsch, J. (1979) “Object-Oriented Programming,” Heft 2 der Notizen zum Interaktiven Programmieren, Fachausschuss 2 February, Gesellschaft fĂŒr Informatik, pp. 121-140.
  264. Fischer, G. (1978) “Probleme Und Erfahrungen Bei Der Programmierausbildung Im Informatik-Unterricht” in W. Arlt (Ed.), Edv-Einsatz in Schule Und Ausbildung – Modelle Und Erfahrungen, R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Muenchen – Wien, pp. 70-74.
  265. Fischer, G., Brown, J. S., & Burton, R. (1978) “Aspects of a Theory of Simplification, Debugging and Coaching,” Proceedings of the 2nd National Conference of the Canadian Society for Computational Studies of Intelligence (Toronto), July, p. 139.145.
  266. Fischer, G. & Boecker, H.-D. (1976) “Modelle Und Heuristiken – Wissen Zur Einschraenkung Und Lenkung Von Suchprozessen” in J. H. Laubsch, & H. J. Schneider (Eds.), Dialoge in Natuerlicher Sprache Und Darstellung Von Wissen, Fachausschuss 6, Fachgruppe Kuenstliche Intelligenz, Gesellschaft fuer Informatik, pp. 51-72.
  267. Boecker, H., Fischer, G., & Kling, U. (1975) “Projekt Prokop: Eine Anwendung Von Artificial Intelligence (AI)” in Berichte Des Zweiten Treffens Der Gi-Fachgruppe Kuenstliche Intelligenz, G. Veenker, Dortmund, pp. 136-142.
  268. Fischer, G. (1975) “Interaktives Programmieren Mit Linguistischen Aufgabenstellungen,” Grammatik – Akten des 10. LinguistischenKolloquiums (Tuebingen), Niemeyer, pp. 327-336.
  269. Fischer, G. & Kling, U. (1974) “Logo – Eine Programmiersprache Fuer Schueler; Inhaltlicheund Methodische Aspekte Ihrer Anwendung,” Proceedings “Rechner-gestĂŒtzter Unterricht”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Vol. 17, pp. 290-299.

Books

  1. “Domain-Oriented Design Environments -A New Understanding of Design
    and its Computational Support” (with K. Nakakoji and J. Ostwald),
    contract with MIT Press, 1998 (in Preparation)
  2. “More Than Screen Deep-Toward Every-Citizen Interfaces to the Nation’s
    Information Infrastructure” (with A. Biermann et. al.), Computer Science
    and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, National
    Academy Press, Washington DC, 1997
  3. “Interactive Problem Solving with LOGO” (with H.-D. Böcker and
    H. Eden); Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Hillsdale, NJ, 1991
  4. “Interaktives Probemlösen mit LOGO; Band 2: Praktische Projekte;
    Teil 3: KĂŒnstliche Intelligenz und Sprache” (with H.-D. Böcker
    and U. Schollwöck), IWT-Verlag, Vaterstetten, Germany, 1987
  5. “Interaktives Probemlösen mit LOGO; Band 2: Praktische Projekte;
    Teil 4: Spiele” (with H.-D. Böcker and M. Plehnert), IWT-Verlag,
    Vaterstetten, Germany, 1987
  6. “Interaktives Probemlösen mit LOGO; Band 1: EinfĂŒhrung
    in das interaktive Programmieren” (with H.-D. Böcker and M. Plehnert),
    IWT-Verlag, Vaterstetten, Germany, 1986
  7. “Interaktives Probemlösen mit LOGO; Band 2: Praktische Projekte;
    Teil 1: Mathematik” (with H.-D. Böcker and U. Schollwöck),
    IWT-Verlag, Vaterstetten, Germany, 1986
  8. “Interaktives Probemlösen mit LOGO; Band 2: Praktische Projekte;
    Teil 2: Informatik” (with H.-D. Boecker and U. Schollwöck), IWT-Verlag,
    Vaterstetten, Germany, 1986
  9. “Methoden und Werkzeuge zur Gestaltung benutzergerechter Computersysteme”
    (Editor with R. GunzenhÀuser), Verlag Walter de Gruyter & Co.,
    Berlin/New York, 1986
 

Comments are closed.